COUNTERING THE WAR AGAINST WOMEN
"There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female; for ye are all one in Christ Jesus."
All races, classes, and sexes are equal in rights and privileges. In Christianity, there is an equality for women that is unlike any other culture of the past. In the Bible days, women were thought to be inferior to men.
They walked humbly behind their mate. They served him in total subjection and fear. If he chose, he could divorce her for combing her hair in an unpleasing manner. He could send her from his home and from his life with a few words.
Then came Jesus. He taught a new equality for women. He taught that God saw all of mankind as equal. The women were delighted in that day.
I Timothy 2:11-12
"Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence."
This passage in Timothy also refers to the same situation as I Corinthians 14:34-35. The women were not to interrupt the sermon with talking out loud to their husbands.
The word "subjection" is from the Greek word "hupotage" which means "a voluntary yielding in love."
There is a time for women to question their husband about the sermon. In love and respect for the service and for the husband, the wife should voluntarily wait. They were also not to not argue with the man's interpretation of the sermon during the service. This in no way lessens her equality, it only emphasizes a restraint of embarrassing a mate in public by flaunting her equality. It also was to encourage her to respect the sanctity of the service.
This new found freedom in Christianity had now allowed a woman to disagree with her husband. Sometimes, in a service there was probably a desire of the wife to say - "I told you so!" She may want to teach her husband something she had learned before he had.
Paul simply instructs the woman not to "usurp authority" over the man, but to silently listen. The Greek word for "usurp authority" is the word - authenteo" which means "to exercise one's power over."
In Christianity, the wife does have "power", and she can exercise it to question the husband, and to even teach the husband. She is exhorted by Paul not to use her authority in the middle of a church service. He never scolded Priscilla for teaching Apollos in a church service, and she did not do her part in sign language, so she was ‘silent’. She worked there with her husband, Aquila, and did not disrupt a service, but was co-pastor of the church. So, to imply that ‘keep silent’ in that passage of Paul, meant no woman can pray, preach, prophesy, or even ask directions to the rest room is very inconsistent with the harmonious interpretation of Scripture.
The translators were all men, and questionably translated this Greek word (authenteo) improperly. She was to not use her ‘authority’ to speak when she was sitting in the congregation and needed to shout over to her husband to ask him a question, or to teach him... she was to wait to get home and do it there. Read the context of the passage. A whole different meaning is found in the original word than what some want to read into that passage.
The passage, and the word itself show that women have an "authority" to speak their mind, and have an opinion different from the husband's. Paul is not removing the authority from the woman, that Christianity had given her. No! Rather he is only saying that she should not exercise that power in the middle of his sermon.
The passage was speaking of women in the midst of a sermon being preached. Men and women sat on opposite sides of the congregation in those times, and if a wife wanted to question or teach something that the preacher in front was speaking about, it caused a disturbance at that time. So, they were to wait till they got home to teach their husband. Yes, women sometimes need to teach their husbands.
If you take the verse to mean what you say, then why are women teaching in Sunday School classes, in the homes to their children, in gatherings of women. It says 'not to teach'. Why the incongruous application here?
Pastoring and teaching are one gift. not two. So, if a Sunday School class has two or three believers in it, it is a church service. If it is in a church building, in a home, in a field, in a car, it does not matter. Church is not a place, it is a gathering of two or three believers.
Women preach, teach, and shepherd (pastor) in Sunday School rooms, to different ages. They are in charge... and rightly so. That is a church service with even the youngest of children. They are preaching, perhaps not to adults, but to children. I remember some great women preachers, teachers in my Sunday School days. I was a youngster, but learned some valuable things, from the women teachers/preachers.
The passage and concept you choose for that passage, is not consistent in your application... if it means what you say, we have to fire our nursery teachers too... if they are women.
There were no church buildings at all when Paul wrote those words, their church services were in fields, in homes, in a jail cell, etc... So, where can a woman teach by the exegesis some confess?
CAN WOMEN BE PASTORS, TEACHERS, APOSTLES, PROPHETS?
"AND HE GAVE SOME, APOSTLES; AND SOME, PROPHETS; AND SOME, EVANGELISTS; AND SOME, PASTORS AND TEACHERS; FOR THE PERFECTING OF THE SAINTS, FOR THE WORK OF THE MINISTRY, FOR THE EDIFYING OF THE BODY OF CHRIST."
The word 'some' divides these ministry gifts into four categories, not five. The gift of 'pastor/teacher' is one gift.
It comes from the Greek: poimen (G4166) translated "pastor" only here, but "shepherd" 16 times .
The word didaskalos which is translated Master (Jesus) 40 times, teacher 10 times, master 7 times, and doctor 1 time. It refers to an instructor, doctor, master, teacher.
This is one gift, not two. The description of it takes two words to explain. The word, "pastor", means "to shepherd." The elders were all to be shepherds of the "flock." (Acts 20:28-31, I Peter 5:1-5) This word -"pastor" - shows that the elder is to have the God-given ability to feed, lead, and give heed to the church.
The second word, "teacher", means that the person is to be divinely equipped to prepare and serve a balanced, nutritious, and spiritual diet.
Every believer is a priest, but some are called to have the "pastor-teacher gift." They are to aid in the leading and feeding the flock. Sunday School teachers pastor a flock of children, teens, or adults. Nursery workers even may be singing gospel songs, comforting with love, the little infants they shepherd.
The name also reflects the duties of a pastor, who is there not to ‘lord’ but to ‘shepherd and teach’ the ones who come to the assembly for spiritual guidance and exhortation to good works.
Elders were to "shepherd the flock"
1 Peter 5:3-4 (KJV)
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock. And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
Acts 20:28 (KJV)
Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which He hath purchased with His own blood.
Pastor/teachers are to feed the flock that belongs to the Lord. He purchased the flock and appoints under-shepherds to feed them, not to claim ownership of them. They were not to "lord" over the flock, but to be "examples" to them. This was a position of leading by example and love. Too many, in that day and this day also, try to make the leaders of the church a superior class of Christian. They want almost a priesthood, to "lord" over the laity. This was the doctrine of the "Nicolaitanes" referred to in Revelation chapters 2 and 3.
The Lord said He hated this doctrine. We are all "priests" to God. The elders were in leadership of the facilities, outreach, and serving of the priesthood. They were not the "bosses" of the flock. Only the Jesus is our "Lord."
Elders were to be "able to teach" (I Tim. 3:2). The early church had a plurality of elders in the local churches (Acts 14:23, 20:17, I Peter 5:1-4).
One of them may be elected to head the church, but many "pastor-teachers" are needed in the church. Some teach, some will edify or exhort others in other positions in the church.
Paul said that he was a "pastor-teacher."
He described this gift in I Thessalonians 2:7-12:
"GENTLE...AS A NURSING MOTHER...FOND AFFECTION IN LABOR AND HARDSHIP...WORKING NIGHT AND DAY...DEVOUT, UPRIGHTLY, BLAMELESSLY WE BEHAVED...EXHORTING, ENCOURAGING, IMPLORING...AS A FATHER...SO YOU MAY WALK IN A MANNER WORTHY OF GOD..."
So, the gift has a feminine side, and a masculine side. It is not limited to men, it is open, as are the other gifts, to both genders. The four daughters of Philip had the gift of prophecy... and definitely were female... so in the gift of pastor/teacher, there are many women who have filled that role and been anointed and blessed of God.
God has set some in the churches that have a calling of being a ‘pastor/teacher’.
The ‘apostles’ are the missionary, church planters, that take the gospel to new unchurches communities.
The ‘prophets’ are those who speak forth the rhema Word of God.
Then the churches so established need ‘teachers’ to help the congregation to put down deep roots.
Apollos needed teaching, and Aquila and Priscilla were chosen to teach him, and they did well. One was a woman, one was a man. I do not see the office of ministry called 'teaching' as being gender specific. God has appointed some to be ‘teachers’, and in the case of Apollos, a well learned man, who had missed some teaching he needed, God chose both a male and a female pastor/teacher to teach him.
The word ‘teacher’ is the Greek word ‘didaskalos’ in the following passage.
1 Corinthians 12:28-31 (KJV)
And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues. Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles? Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret? But covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet shew I unto you a more excellent way.
Paul, Barnabas and others were given a teaching calling from God. This calling is a vitally important and powerful calling.
Acts 13:1-3 (KJV)
Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.
And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.
God Himself is a Teacher. It is His nature to teach. The opening chapters of the Bible show God as a Teacher. In the garden of Eden, He instructed man as to man’s role, man’s duties, man’s privileges, and requirements He was putting upon mankind.
Isaiah 45:21 (KJV)
Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: Who hath declared this from ancient time? Who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside Me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside Me.
Psalm 27:11 (KJV)
Teach me thy way, O LORD, and lead me in a plain path, because of mine enemies.
Psalm 32:8 (KJV)
I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with Mine eye.
Our human learning is able to be taught. Yet, since Pentecost, we believe that there is a ministry gift called 'teaching, in which God speaks a divine lesson to be preached from those who have this gift. We answer to the Lord for the use of that gift, and if it is misused or not.
Women, like Philips three daughters prophesied. The message was not their own, their gender did not hinder them receiving that message to pass on in prophetic message to the ones present when they prophesied. The same with the TEACHING GIFT. It is not the wisdom of male or female that determines if one can give a TEACHING. The message is supposed to be God teaching through us. The wisdom and anointing on one is evident when it is sourced from the Holy Spirit Who 'teaches us all things'. The man or woman who speaks that wisdom is only the purveyor. Therefore, like in prophetic words, it does not make any difference to God whether it is a male or a female that gives it.
When Aquila and Priscilla taught Apollos, it was both of them teaching. It was not just Aquila, it was also Priscilla. The Bible itself disagrees with those who want it to be only Aquila who taught Apollos. It says 'they' not 'he', not 'she', not 'guess who', it says 'they'.
Acts 18:26 (KJV)
And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly.
I will keep my agreement with the Bible's answer. There is a pastor/teacher calling, and it is found in men and in women. God is ‘no respecter of persons’ and does not differ His gifts due to gender.
Today, in Christianity, we find the doctrines of putting women as inferior to men, having crept back into the dogmas of congregations. This is regrettable and sinful. It is contrary to the true teachings of the Bible. All Christians are as one in God's eyes. He does not care what your profession is, and He does not care what your skin color is. He does not care if you are Jewish or Gentile, and He does not care if you are male or female.
"Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth, I perceive that God is no respecter of persons..."
"For there is no respect of persons with God."
"...neither is there respect of persons with Him."
I Peter 1:17
"And if ye call on the Father, Who without respect of persons judgeth..."
Can God make it any clearer? Does He need to put handwriting on the walls of the buildings of the congregations of today? The truth of the New Testament's teaching is that God sees no difference in the rights and privileges of men or women. The congregations of Christianity have often perverted some of the Scriptures. Many have tried to teach that women are inferior to men. Let's look at the Scriptures and examine their teachings.
First, let us look at the question of women preachers.
Reasons for women preachers:
1. In the gospels, several women preachers proclaimed the good news. (Matt. 28:1-10, Lk. 24:9-11, Jn. 4:28:-30, Jn. 20:16-18)
2. The Spirit was prophesied to be poured out on women, and they are supposed to prophesy. If it only takes two or three to make a church, how are they to prophesy if not within a church? (Acts 2:14-21, Joel 2:28-31)
3. Philip had four daughters who were prophetesses. (Acts 21:8-9)
4. Romans 16 tells of a number of women servants of the Lord who were leaders of congregations. These were Phebe, Priscilla, Mary, Tryphena, Tryphosa, Persis, and Julia.
5. In Philippians 4:2, Euodias and Syntyche are mentioned as leaders of the church in Philippi.
6. Corinthian women prophesied and prayed in church. (I Cor. 11:4-5) ( I Cor. 14:34-35 refers to women who talked out loud to husbands across the room during the service, thus interrupting the preacher. )
7. In I Corinthians 12, Paul compares the church to a body, and all parts (men and women) are members of the body and are to function as the Lord directs.
8. Women were used of God in the Old Testament as prophetesses. (Ex. 15:20, Judg. 4:4, II Ki. 22:14, Neh. 6:14, II Chron. 34:22, Isa. 8:3, Luke 1:39-56, 2:36)
FIRST RESURRECTION SERMON PREACHED BY WOMEN
Women had the opportunity to be the first to announce the fact of the resurrection. They preached a sermon to some floundering preachers of the masculine variety... the women were tested and found to be honest preachers of truth though... I know many today, when tested prove to be honest women preachers, pastors, and pleasing to the Lord.
Luke 24:6-12 (KJV)
He is not here, but is risen: remember how He spake unto you when He was yet in Galilee, Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. And they remembered His words, And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest. It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles. And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not. Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.
Luke 24:22-24 (KJV)
Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre; And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.
The disciples may have been disheartened, but that was a group of believers gathered together, and that made it a church... and the sermon that day, was by women, who announced in joy, the gospel message. Their sermon was a great sermon, it 'made' them 'astonished'... it did not lull them to sleep... so it must have been a great sermon... hope I get to hear a recording of it when I get to heaven... lol
Why did the Lord have Mary Magdalene and some other women take the first resurrection sermon to the disciples?
Well, the answer is several fold...
First, He was not against women preachers anyhow..
Second... there was no man at the tomb that morning...
Think about it, Jesus had told the disciples He would be crucified, and rise again the third day. Well, it was the third day... where were they? Why were they not there? Why did the disciples not see Him exit the tomb, and not need a sermon taken to them by some women?
Sometimes we see great failures amongst the men preachers... When the women took the message of His resurrection to the disciples, they had a hard time believing them. Their sermon was consistent with what Jesus had foretold these men... yet, they still did not believe. The disciples sent a couple of braver ones to the tomb and still were too terrified to go all together.
The women were brave enough to be there at the tomb despite the guards, despite the scared, petrified example of the 10 disciples.
The male preachers in that group were a shame, a failure and the women were brave, loving, excited when they realized He had risen and rushed to be the first resurrection preachers.
Great going for them... shame for those male preachers. I hope we men have learned something since. It shocks me that the subject is on 'tell the women to be silent'. If those Women had been silent, those scared disciples might have died of old age in their hiding place.
I know Peter and John are not criticizing those women for not being silent..
EVE DECEIVED, ADAM NOT DECEIVED
Eve was deceived by Satan, and she believed that the fruit was not harmful. Adam was not deceived, and knew when he partook of the fruit of that forbidden tree, that it was wrong. He sinned knowingly, not in deception.
I Timothy 2:14
"Adam was not deceived, but the woman, being deceived, was in the
Eve was tricked, Adam was not. He sinned knowingly. The Bible is clear.
and Eve was in the 'transgression', which is the Greek word 'parabasis'.
Parabasis means "overpassing of a line, stepping over a boundary."
Just as there is a normal tendency to touch the wall where one sees a "WET PAINT" sign, so people are often tempted to step past the boundaries that God has set up for us. When one sees a sign that says "NO FISHING", one naturally begins to wonder how good the fishing would be there. It is a fact that God has set up boundaries for us. He wants to protect us from areas that would do us harm. He has drawn lines of separation, and does not want us to trespass on territory that is dangerous.
"for where no law is, there is no transgression. (stepping over the boundary)"
"... through breaking the law (stepping over the boundary) dishonourest thou God."
God wants us to see how far we can stay from sin and from parabasis. He does not want us walking so close to the boundary that we occasionally step over. Parabasis is sin.
The sin of Adam was not 'parabasis' it was parakoe.
Parakoe means "disobedience to a voice, failing to hear, hearing amiss - or not hearing rightly, unwillingness to hear."
We get ourselves into trouble when we fail to give attention to God's Word and to checks (the quiet urgings to stop) of the Holy Spirit.
"For as by one man's disobedience (unwillingness to hear) many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous."
II Corinthians 10:6
"And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience (unwillingness to hear) when your obedience is fulfilled."
Sometimes, we are unwilling to heed or listen to the Word of God, or to the leading or direction of God's Spirit. When we feel the Spirit check our spirit to avoid, or to not do something, or to do something... failing to listen, heed, and obey that voice is sinful (parakoe). Adam had heard God say 'do not eat', Eve had not heard God directly, but only by Adam telling her. So, her sin was not as great as Adam's.
Jesus came to undo the parakoe of Adam, it does not mention Eve in her deceived sin, but Adam in his known sin.
As Jesus willingly, and knowingly, took our sins upon Himself, and bore our sins for us. So did Adam, willingly sin for Eve. Eve sinned because of deception, and yet, Adam sinned willingly and knowingly. We, in the natural would call Adam's sin more serious, but the Bible is only pointing out the typology. It is not indicating that willful sin is less wrong... no... rather, it is pointing out the typology only. Adam willingly partook of the sin as Jesus willing accepted our sins upon Himself.
The Bible says that Eve could be saved, only by bearing child. That is because - without the bearing of children, the promised Seed, Jesus Christ, could not come.
I Timothy 2:15
"The woman shall be saved in childbearing."
This child that was to be born someday is the second Adam that is Jesus Christ. The first Adam, through love, sinned because of Eve. The second Adam, Jesus Christ, through love, will bear the sins of mankind... of all the descendants of Eve.
"...death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who (Adam) is the figure of Him (Jesus) that was to come."
Jesus loves the church, as Adam loved Eve. Adam stooped to please Eve, as Christ "humbled Himself" to come and to save the church. The love of Adam brought sin. The love of Christ brought salvation.
Adam was the head of the old creation.
"...let him have dominion."
Jesus is the head of the new creation.
"We are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works."
Adam's one sin made many to be sinners.
"...by one man (Adam) sin entered into the world."
Christ's one act (on calvary) made many to be righteous.
"...by the obedience of One (Jesus) shall many be made righteous."
Adam brought death.
Christ brought life.
I Corinthians 15:21-22
"by man (Adam) came death... as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive."
Adam passed on a sinful nature.
Christ passes on a sinless nature.
Romans 5:12, 19
"...by one man sin entered... by the obedience of one shall many be made alive."
Adam brought condemnation.
"by the offence of one (Adam) judgment came upon all man to condemnation."
"... even so by the righteousness of One (Jesus) the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life."
Adam lost grace and favor.
"...if through the offence of one (Adam) many be dead."
Christ restores grace and favor.
"much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by One man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded to many much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by One, Jesus Christ."
Death reigned through Adam.
Life reigns through Jesus Christ.
Romans 5:12, 14, 17-18, 21
"...that as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord."
Adam caused sin to abound.
Christ causes grace to abound.
"the law entered that the offence might abound, but where sin abounded, grace did the much more abound."
The typology of Adam shows us a choice. We can live in the results of Adam's deed, -- or we can live in the result of the deed of Jesus Christ. It is our choice. sin or righteousness? death or life? sinful nature or a sinless nature? condemnation or justification? lost favor and grace, or restored favor and grace?
There is only one wise choice, and that is to accept the work of the second Adam... accept what He did for us out of love... And we have a commission to continue this work.
Notice that it is Adam's sin that is blamed... Eve is ignored... We did not need a 'second eve' we needed the second Adam... LOL
IF ANY MAN, IF ANY WOMAN?
1 Timothy 3:1-7 (KJV)
1 This is a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.
2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;
4 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;
5 (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)
6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.
7 Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.
Some have used this passage to infer that ‘women’ cannot be ‘bishops’ or ‘pastors’ of churches. Yet, the phrase ‘if a man’ does not excude a woman from being called by God to pastor.
Notice the use of the word ‘man’ is often referring to the adamic race, not just to the male gender.
Mark 4:23 (KJV)
If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.
Was Jesus saying that no women have ears to hear? Or did the word ‘man’ refer to both men and women?
Luke 9:23 (KJV)
And he said to them all, If any man will come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow Me.
Cannot women follow the Lord? Of course they can, and most all of us recognize this as a figurative speech, with man referring to both male and female.
John 6:51 (KJV)
I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
Does not the promise of eternal life allow both male and female to eat of the communion bread showing their faith in the body and blood of the Lord Jesus being applicable to both genders?
John 7:17 (KJV)
If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of Myself.
If women will to do His will, will they not have revelation from God?
John 10:9 (KJV)
I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
Cannot women enter the door of Salvation, i.e. Jesus?
John 11:9-10 (KJV)
Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world. But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.
Is this not true of men and women?
John 12:26 (KJV)
If any man serve Me, let him follow Me; and where I am, there shall also My servant be: if any man serve Me, him will My Father honour.
Cannot this refer to men and women who choose to follow the Lord? Will God only honor the males who follow Jesus?
Romans 8:9 (KJV)
But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His.
Can women have not the Spirit of God, and still be His?
1 Corinthians 3:17 (KJV)
If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.
Will God only ‘destroy’ men who defile the temple of God? Or does this apply to women also?
Are we going to take all these 'if any man' vss and make them only for those of the male gender??
The passage about 'husband of one wife' does refer to men, and was put that way, for no women had more than one husband... only men were in bigamy... and polygamy... women only had one husband.
So, the 'if any man' means both genders in all these verses... we call it a form of figurative language... it does not exclude women in any of the passages.