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The first five books of the Bible are called the "Pentateuch". This is from the Greek words "penta" (which means "five"), and "teuchos" (which means "books"). These five books were recorded by Moses.

The names we have given each of them are:


(tells the 'beginnings' of this creation)



(tells of their 'going out' of Egypt)



(from the name of the tribe of Levi,

and contains the special laws for the Levites)



(tells how Israel was numbered,

and tells of their wanderings in the wilderness)



(this is the repeated law,

and an address by Moses shortly before his death).




The Hebrews named the books of the Bible by the first word of two within it.


"Genesis" means "beginning," and the book starts out with that word, in the Hebrew language it was "Bereshyith".


"Exodus" was called "Shemoth" which means "names." In 300 B.C., when the Septuagint was translated, new names were given the Pentateuch. "Shemoth" became "Exodus". "Ek" means "out of", "hodos" means "road, way". Hence, the word "Exodus" means "the way out, he escape".


Jasher and Moses had "records of origin" (toledoth) with which to find the facts of the first book of the Bible, but the part of the Pentateuch, and the part of Jasher, that records the exodus from Egypt, both authors were alive and living in such time.


The book of Exodus, and the part of Jasher that accounts the same time period, are a record of divine redemption. They record how an enslaved people gain their deliverance from the enemy. In typology, the events tell how we may also be delivered from sin.


The book of Exodus is a book of sacrifice:

with chapter 12 telling of the sacrifice of the passover lamb,

chapter 24 shows the sacrifice sealing the covenant,

and chapter 29 tells of the sacrifices of consecration of the priesthood.


The message of Exodus, and the same portion of Jasher, is:


1. Redemption is necessary, because of the ruin of man.


2. Redemption is possible by blood alone.


3. Worship, in order to be acceptable, must be in divine order.


4. The opening scenes of this period are darkness, gloom, slavery, abuse, and death, but the ending pictures are the SHEKINAH presence of God.


5. The author of Exodus is mostly Moses (the part of Moses' death was probably added by Joshua). He was educated in Pharaoh's palace, and was taught the history, science, and journalism of such teachers.




The "Exodus" period tells how Israel escaped Egypt with God's help and power. The human instrument that God used was Moses. Moses was God's - spokesman, leader, organizer, judge, teacher, "king" of the nation, man of God, prophet, intercessor, and priest. And Moses gave up the right to be the Pharaoh to take on those "small" tasks.


This period of time occurred about 3500 years ago. The events cover the 120 years of the life of Moses.


The basic events of Exodus are represented in the annual feasts of the Jewish people:

the New Year,

the Day of Atonement,

the Passover,

the Feast of Unleavened Bread,

and the Feast of Tabernacles.


In each of these some part of the Exodus record are re-enacted. As they would celebrate these events, they identified with the event that precipitated it. The significance of the event is made real to each generation with the feast day. In recent times, Christians have lost the awareness of the significance of the events of Exodus. The Jewish people go over and over the events of Exodus by their celebration of the feasts. There are eternal lessons taught within.





The events of the Exodus period are a historic record of Israel's deliverance, and a typology of all deliverance. Phrases taken from Exodus are scattered throughout Scripture.


Pharaoh, his people, and all of Egypt stand for all the powers that oppress mankind.


Moses stands for all of God's deliverers, and for deliverance. The New Testament calls Jesus, the second Moses, or the fulfillment of the type found in Moses.


Hebrews 3:5-6

"And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after; But Christ, as a Son over His own house, Whose house are we."


Paul draws a parallel between the Passover, and communion (eucharist).


I Corinthians 5:7-8

"Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ, our Passover is sacrificed for us. Therefore, let us keep the feast, not with the old leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."


The typology of the Exodus events show themselves fulfilled in the work of Jesus.


Galatians 6:15-16

"For in Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature. And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God."


Chapter 67 of Jasher records the birth of Aaron and Miriam, to Amran and Jochebed. The male children were already being killed during this time. Then the Pharaoh has a dream.


Jasher 67:9-15 

9. And Pharaoh received him with great honor, for he had heard of his wisdom, and he gave him presents and made him for a counselor, and aggrandized him.

10. And Balaam dwelt in Egypt, in honor with all the nobles of the king, and the nobles exalted him, because they all coveted to learn his wisdom.

11. And in the hundred and thirtieth year of Israel's going down to Egypt, Pharaoh dreamed that he was sitting upon his kingly throne, and lifted up his eyes and saw an old man standing before him, and there were scales in the hands of the old man, such scales as are used by merchants.

12. And the old man took the scales and hung them before Pharaoh.

13. And the old man took all the elders of Egypt and all its nobles and great men, and he tied them together and put them in one scale.

14. And he took a milk kid and put it into the other scale, and the kid preponderated over all.

15. And Pharaoh was astonished at this dreadful vision, why the kid should preponderate over all, and Pharaoh awoke and behold it was a dream.



Whether it was a dream from God, of which Balaam directs the Pharaoh to fear the Jewish deliverer promised to come, or a dream from the evil spirits there to give the false prophet Balaam opportunity to counsel the Pharaoh to destroy the Jewish people, we do not know.


There are three counselors to whom the Pharaoh listens.


These three are:


Balaam, the son of Beor


Reul, the Midianite

(also known as Jethro, and the future father-in-law of Moses)


Job, the Uzzite

(not the Job of the Bible, but this was a common name,

and many had this name.)



Jasher 67:24-51

24. And the king sent and called his two counselors Reuel the Midianite and Job the Uzite, and they came and sat before the king.

25. And the king said to them, Behold you have both heard the dream which I have dreamed, and the interpretation thereof; now therefore give counsel and know and see what is to be done to the children of Israel, whereby we may prevail over them, before their evil shall spring up against us.

26. And Reuel the Midianite answered the king and said, May the king live, may the king live forever.

27. If it seem good to the king, let him desist from the Hebrews and leave them, and let him not stretch forth his hand against them.

28. For these are they whom the Lord chose in days of old, and took as the lot of his inheritance from amongst all the nations of the earth and the kings of the earth; and who is there that stretched his hand against them with impunity, of whom their God was not avenged?

29. Surely thou knowest that when Abraham went down to Egypt, Pharaoh, the former king of Egypt, saw Sarah his wife, and took her for a wife, because Abraham said, She is my sister, for he was afraid, lest the men of Egypt should slay him on account of his wife.

30. And when the king of Egypt had taken Sarah then God smote him and his household with heavy plagues, until he restored unto Abraham his wife Sarah, then was he healed.

31. And Abimelech the Gerarite, king of the Philistines, God punished on account of Sarah wife of Abraham, in stopping up every womb from man to beast.

32. When their God came to Abimelech in the dream of night and terrified him in order that he might restore to Abraham Sarah whom he had taken, and afterward all the people of Gerar were punished on account of Sarah, and Abraham prayed to his God for them, and he was intreated of him, and he healed them.

33. And Abimelech feared all this evil that came upon him and his people, and he returned to Abraham his wife Sarah, and gave him with her many gifts.

34. He did so also to Isaac when he had driven him from Gerar, and God had done wonderful things to him, that all the water courses of Gerar were dried up, and their productive trees did not bring forth.

35. Until Abimelech of Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Pichol the captain of his host, went to him and they bent and bowed down before him to the ground.

36. And they requested of him to supplicate for them, and he prayed to the Lord for them, and the Lord was intreated of him and he healed them.

37. Jacob also, the plain man, was delivered through his integrity from the hand of his brother Esau, and the hand of Laban the Syrian his mother's brother, who had sought his life; likewise from the hand of all the kings of Canaan who had come together against him and his children to destroy them, and the Lord delivered them out of their hands, that they turned upon them and smote them, for who had ever stretched forth his hand against them with impunity?

38. Surely Pharaoh the former, thy father's father, raised Joseph the son of Jacob above all the princes of the land of Egypt, when he saw his wisdom, for through his wisdom he rescued all the inhabitants of the land from the famine.

39. After which he ordered Jacob and his children to come down to Egypt, in order that through their virtue, the land of Egypt and the land of Goshen might be delivered from the famine.

40. Now therefore if it seem good in thine eyes, cease from destroying the children of Israel, but if it be not thy will that they shall dwell in Egypt, send them forth from here, that they may go to the land of Canaan, the land where their ancestors sojourned.

41. And when Pharaoh heard the words of Jethro he was very angry with him, so that he rose with shame from the king's presence, and went to Midian, his land, and took Joseph's stick with him.

42. And the king said to Job the Uzite, What sayest thou Job, and What is thy advice respecting the Hebrews?

43. So Job said to the king, Behold all the inhabitants of the land are in thy power, let the king do as it seems good in his eyes.

44. And the king said unto Balaam, What dost thou say, Balaam, speak thy word that we may hear it.

45. And Balaam said to the king, Of all that the king has counselled against the Hebrews will they be delivered, and the king will not be able to prevail over them with any counsel.

46. For if thou thinkest to lessen them by the flaming fire, thou canst not prevail over them, for surely their God delivered Abraham their father from Ur of the Chaldeans; and if thou thinkest to destroy them with a sword, surely Isaac their father was delivered from it, and a ram was placed in his stead.

47. And if with hard and rigorous labor thou thinkest to lessen them, thou wilt not prevail even in this, for their father Jacob served Laban in all manner of hard work, and prospered.

48. Now therefore, O King, hear my words, for this is the counsel which is counseled against them, by which thou wilt prevail over them, and from which thou shouldst not depart.

49. If it please the king let him order all their children which shall be born from this day forward, to be thrown into the water, for by this canst thou wipe away their name, for none of them, nor of their fathers, were tried in this manner. 50. And the king heard the words of Balaam, and the thing pleased the king and the princes, and the king did according to the word of Balaam.

51. And the king ordered a proclamation to be issued and a saw to be made throughout the land of Egypt, saying, Every male child born to the Hebrews from this day forward shall be thrown into the water.




The advice of Reul (Jethro) (Jasher 67:25-41) was to allow the Jewish people to leave, and cease to kill them, for their God would deliver them. Reul angers the Pharaoh with this advice, and flees to the land of Midian.



The advice of this Job, the Uzzite, is found in Jasher 67:42-43. He fears the anger of the Pharaoh, and encourages the Pharaoh to do as he pleases with the Jewish people. (Certainly this is not the Job of the Bible.)



The advice of Balaam is found in Jasher 67:44-50. He advises the Pharaoh to drown the babes born to the children of Israel. This is the advice the Pharaoh follows. In our day, we find many as Pharaoh, who seek advice, and keep seeking it till they find someone who will tell them to do what evil they wanted to do anyway. They are angered at anyone who counsels them against what they want to do.


This Pharaoh was Thutmose III, father of Queen Hatsheput. He was a gifted military leader. History records that this man relied on two "viziers". One of them lived in Thebes, and ruled Egypt while this Pharaoh was away on military expeditions. The other lived in Heliopolis, and was primarily responsible for lower Egypt. Since Reul escaped away early, we can know that Balaam was likely the one of the south, and Job the Uzzite was likely the one who lived in Thebes. With this kind of Pharaoh, and with the two advisors that cared little with what happened to God's people, the Jews, we can see why deliverance was needed.


Once free, Israel had been forced into slavery (Exodus 1:1-14). Israel had started out as a welcome guest in Egypt. Then in Exodus 1:8:

"Now there arose a new king (Thutmose III) over Egypt, who did not know Joseph."


This ruler forced the descendants of Joseph and his brothers into slavery. The ignorance of this Pharaoh brought suffering to God's people. Ignorance of the word of God, and ignorance of who is truly the prophets and people of God have allowed much suffering in these last days also. Israel need deliverance, and the rapture will someday deliver God's people in our day.


The foreign population of Egypt had been increasing. It has been estimated that one of three in Egypt were non-Egyptian. The Egyptians feared that these non-Egyptians would someday overthrow them. Slavery was the answer they devised to avoid such an event.


Slavery meant:
1. Reduced possibility of war
2. A great source of labor


When things seemed darkest for Israel, God was at work. God had already provided a deliver. The things were about to get even worse, and dark and gloomy were those days. God was not forgetting the people. We may at times seem to be in dark, gloomy days, and we may think deliverance is so far in the distant, if there at all. Yet, God had not forgotten us!!!


A desperate Pharaoh oppresses and yet the Jewish people multiplied, and were blessed with many children. The more they multiplied, the more the Pharaoh hated them.


Pharaoh asks two midwives (Jasher 66:22-31) (Exodus 1:15-22) named Shephrah and Push (in Jasher), and Shiprah and Puah (in Exodus) to kill the male babies. Their names mean "Beauty" and "Splendor".


Jasher 66:22-31

23. And the king sent for the Hebrew midwives to be called, of which the name of one was Shephrah, and the name of the other Puah.

24. And the midwives came before the king, and stood in his presence.

25. And the king said unto them, When you do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools, if it be a son, then you shall kill him, but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.

26. But if you will not do this thing, then will I burn you up and all your houses with fire.

27. But the midwives feared God and did not hearken to the king of Egypt nor to his words, and when the Hebrew women brought forth to the midwife son or daughter, then did the midwife do all that was necessary to the child and let it live; thus did the midwives all the days.

28. And this thing was told to the king, and he sent and called for the midwives and he said to them, Why have you done this thing and have saved the children alive?

29. And the midwives answered and spoke together before the king, saying,

30. Let not the king think that the Hebrew women are as the Egyptian women, for all the children of Israel are hale, and before the midwife comes to them they are delivered, and as for us thy handmaids, for many days no Hebrew woman has brought forth upon us, for all the Hebrew women are their own midwives, because they are hale.

31. And Pharaoh heard their words and believed them in this matter, and the midwives went away from the king, and God dealt well with them, and the people multiplied and waxed exceedingly.



Exodus 1:15-22 (KJV)

15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:

16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.

17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?

19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them.

20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.

21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses.

22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.



These midwives did not want to do as commanded. They had to choose between their fears. They could fear God, or fear Pharaoh. Faith sees the invisible God as real and powerful. Sight sees the visible Pharaoh. Faith makes one fear God, and sight makes one fear the Pharaohs of life. The midwives feared God (Exodus 1:21, Jasher 66:27).


Exodus 1:21 (KJV)

21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses.


Jasher 66:27

27. But the midwives feared God and did not hearken to the king of Egypt nor to his words, and when the Hebrew women brought forth to the midwife son or daughter, then did the midwife do all that was necessary to the child and let it live; thus did the midwives all the days.



This was a form of immediate post-natal abortion that the ruler was demanding be done. In ages before a great deliverer is sent by God, the devil convinces many that abortion is an answer. Before Moses birth, we see this occur. Before the birth of Jesus, again we see this killing of children. And now again we see mass murder of the unborn, and recently born babes of the earth.


God hates the slaughter of the unborn. He hates the murder of innocent young born babes. We are seeing both in our day, and over 60 million have been murdered in our nation alone since the legalization of abortion. Babies born in our hospitals are also being allowed to die from lack of food and nourishment being given, and many have been threatened to keep such news from getting out.


We face many similar events in our days, that the people of that day in Egypt faced. The devil knows there is a great awakening of the church soon to occur, and a double portion revival to come, and he is trying to kill as many as he can before the revival, rapture, etc.


The midwives said that the Hebrew women delivered so fast that they had no time to be sure the baby was dead. The family witnessed the birth, and the baby could not be killed. God rewarded the midwives with "houses" (or families) of their own.


Pharaoh was thwarted, so he commissioned all the people to kill the male children (Exodus 1:22, Jasher 67:49-52).


Exodus 1:22

"And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive."


Jasher 67:49-52

49. If it please the king let him order all their children which shall be born from this day forward, to be thrown into the water, for by this canst thou wipe away their name, for none of them, nor of their fathers, were tried in this manner. 50. And the king heard the words of Balaam, and the thing pleased the king and the princes, and the king did according to the word of Balaam.

51. And the king ordered a proclamation to be issued and a saw to be made throughout the land of Egypt, saying, Every male child born to the Hebrews from this day forward shall be thrown into the water.

52. And Pharaoh called unto all his servants, saying, Go now and seek throughout the land of Goshen where the children of Israel are, and see that every son born to the Hebrews shall be cast into the river, but every daughter you shall let live.





There is a reason things became so difficult for the Jewish people. They had begun to absorb some of the Egyptian false religion. Many had strayed from the true worship of Jehovah. The idols of Egypt had found their way into the homes of many of the Jewish people. The deliverance was needed from not only the Egyptians, but from their sin and idolatry also.


God began to plague the Jewish people with this persecution. He would later would send the deliverer, and then plagues against the ones who were persecuting the Jewish people. This is always the order of God... He judges His people first.


There are many examples in the Bible of plagues being sent upon people in the Bible. We read these and yet, there is little awareness of the fact that plagues still afflict people today. Most realize that the tribulation period is abundant with plagues on the sinners. Why are Christians not aware of the plagues that are for the church age, and in fact, are for those in the congregations of our own time.


There are spiritual laws, and the law of sowing and reaping are still in effect today.


Galatians 6:7 (KJV)

"Be not deceived, God is not mocked; for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap."


There are many who are deceived. They think that they can sow bitterness, spiritual abuse against others, lies, anger, gossip, strife, etc. in the church, and God will look the other way. God takes sin very seriously. What Christians sow, they will reap the same as for those who have never been saved. The Bible is full of warnings.


Revelation 22:18-19 (NKJV)

"For I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds to these things, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, from the Holy City, and from the things which are written in this book."



This prophecy is written for the church age, and shows that God still uses plagues on people in this age. We would like to delegate plagues to the Old Testament, to the tribulation, or to just the non-religious. It makes us uncomfortable to think of plagues on the Christian church, the ones in our own midst. However, we must rightly divide the Word of God, and honestly look at what the Scriptures say.


The Greek word for "plague" is the word - "plege". This word means "wound", "stripe", "stroke", and "calamity". The Lord does chasten those that He loves with "stripes." To the church at Laodicea, which represents the predominant church of the last days, the Lord Jesus says:


Revelation 3:19 (NKJV)

"As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten; be zealous therefore and repent."


This shows that the purpose of plagues is the chastening of the people. The Lord sends plagues to make some lethargic, apathetic, rebellious ones to become more zealous of repentance and to change from their sinful ways. The Lord sends plagues to make them realize God's displeasure, and lack of blessing. When plagues are sent by God, some will repent. Therefore the purpose of God in plaguing His people is to bring them back to Him in repentance.


Hosea 5:15 (KJV)

"...in their affliction, they will seek Me early (first)."


Therefore, God was allowing the Egyptians to enslave, to kill the newborn, to persecute these Jewish people so that they would turn back to Him. At first, the persecution is met with the saving power of God to not go too far... Protective angels temper the judgment, and protect the newborn children... But the protection gets less and less, because the people continue in their sins.


Revelation 2:23 (NKJV)

"I will kill her children with death, and all the churches shall know that I am He Who searches the minds and hearts. And I will give to each one of you according to your works."


The groups mentioned above usually have one who leads such rebellion and sin. One, who should be encouraging and preaching the need of repentance and change from the wickedness, often is the one making sure that the sin is allowed to continue. This is sometimes the pastor of the church congregation. The Lord will strive to break the stubborn will of this person.


A plague is sent by God upon such types of sinners. The awfulness of this plague is dreadful, outrageous, and sickening. To see innocent children die, and be in life threatening illnesses is awful to watch. We would like to stop such things, out of love. Yet, we did not send the plague, and all we can do is pray and intercede for the sinner, the instigator of the unrepentance of other sinners, to be broken soon, before the plague claims innocent lives.


It is natural, and frequent that Christians today say, "God does not do that anymore." Yet, He was doing it during the former rain revival of the early church, and He is doing it again in the latter rain revival of the last day church. Shocking, but Scriptural is this reality. A prophet of God must come upon the scene, and warn such people. In our day, we find there to be many prophets. God is faithful to send them. In that day, Aaron speaks forth, then Moses is sent. Many resist the prophets of God.


In past ages, many prophets of God are rejected by the people they have come to warn of judgment. They have been persecuted, killed, and ignored. Isaiah was put into a hollow log, and cut in half. Zechariah was stabbed as he was going into the Holy Place of the temple. John the Baptist was beheaded.


All these were done by the religious people of the day who did not like the warnings and prophecies of the prophets of God. Prophets are needed, Deliverers are needed. The persecution, the judgment from God upon the church congregations for their sins will get worse and worse. God is faithful to send prophets and deliverers, but many still choose to ignore, persecute, and slay (verbally, socially, and sometimes even physically) the prophets of God.


To this background, we have come in the Exodus events. Pharaoh and the Egyptians are mistreating the Jewish people. The devil has managed to enslave and persecute God's people, and God is allowing these plagues upon them until the people turn to Him. Deliverance is needed!

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