THE JOURNEYS & WANDERINGS OF ISRAEL
This is the route the nation of Israel took, on their way to the Promised Land of Israel.
1. Rameses (Perhaps the same as modern Cairo) (Numbers 33:5) From here they began their departure from Egypt on the fifteenth day of the first month.
2. Succoth (means "booths")(Exodus 12:12-12:33, Numbers 33:5)
3. Etham (a district on both sides of the Red Sea)(Exodus 13:20, Numbers 33:6)
4. Pihahiroth (before Baalzephon, and pitched before Migdol), This name means = "where sedge grows".(Exodus 14:2, Numbers 33:7) It would have been easy here to go by the "Way of the Philistines" as the Ephraimites had 30 years earlier tried. It would have been the easiest way, but God had His own way chosen, and had reasons for choosing a slower path, and a training, instructive way. See Exodus 13:17-18)
5. through the sea (Numbers 33:8, Exodus 15:22, Jasher 81:37-44) Pharaoh is converted and transported by an angel to Nineveh, where he ruled as a viceroy for a long time (see Jasher 81:40-41).
6. Marah -Three days after crossing the Red Sea, the people murmur, but God had the "bitter" waters made sweet. (Jasher 81:45, Exodus 15:23)
7. Elim (Numbers 33:9, Exodus 15:23-27, Jasher 81:46)
8. encamped by the sea (Numbers 33:10)
9. in the wilderness of Sin - This is one month after, and the 15th day of the second month. (Num. 33:11) This is identified by Jasher as being in the southern part of Israel (Jasher 83:35). Exodus identifies this as between Elim and Sinai. (Ex. 16:1)
10. out of the wilderness of Sin to Dophkah (Numbers 33:12)
11. Alush (Numbers 33:13)
12. Rephidim (This name means "rest".) After this event, they are attacked by the Amalekites who reside nearby in Petra. Jethro later arrives and gives advice. (Numbers 33:14, Exodus 17:1)
13. departed to wilderness of Sinai - At Sinai the law is given, the golden calf rebellion occurs, the law is again given, the tabernacle is set up, and a census of Israel occurs. This takes them up to the second year out. (Numbers 33:15, Exodus 19:1-2)
Where is Mt. Sinai?
Many Christians assume the traditional Mt. Sinai is the correct one. However, though tradition says it is Jebel Musa (a 7500 foot mountain in lower Sinai), the revelation of Scriptures disagrees. This Jebel Musa has been long named the Mt. Sinai, but this error arises from the fourth century, when Emperor Constantine's mother, Helena, decided on her own that this was the mountain, and had a chapel built at its foot, to commemorate the burning bush. 200 years later, Emperor Justinian (527-565 A.D.) built a fortress monastery (at first known as St. Mary's, and later changed to St. Catherine's). This site does not fit the Biblical narrative, and is in disagreement with many ancient writings and traditions.
For instance, Josephus tells us that Mt. Sinai was the tallest mountain of the region, and this alone excludes Jebel Musa.
Deuteronomy 1:2 tells us that Israel traveled from Sinai to Kadesh Barnea by way of Mt. Seir in eleven days. Jebel Musa is 150 miles from Kadesh, and if the route goes by Mt. Seir, that distance is doubled. For several million people to travel that distance in eleven days, they would need to make it a constant run. The several million people would be traveling very, very slowly.
So -- Traditional Mt. Sinai is not the real Mt. Sinai. The real Mt. Sinai is near Mt. Hor, which is near Petra, and the Wadi Musa which flowed from the ROCK which was struck to the city of Petra. Sinai was in a wilderness area near-by.
14. Kibroth-hat-ta-a-vah, The name means "graves of lust" and could be another name for Petra. -At or near such a place, was Taberah, wherein the people murmur, and fire is sent from God. Seventy elders are chosen to aid Moses. Quails are given for a month, and then a plague comes upon the people. (Numbers 33:16, 10:11-11:35)
15. Hazeroth (means - "to surround and fence in as a blockade") (Numbers 33:17, 10:34-35, Jasher 83:30) Miriam became as white as snow for her rebellion.
16. Rithmah (near, or the same as Kadesh) From here, the spies are sent into the Promised land. The people murmur and rebel in fear. Moses intercedes for them. (Numbers 33:18, 13:1-14:45) Jasher calls this the wilderness of Paran, and the wilderness of Sin (see Jasher 83:33-35) The word itself means "shrub".
17. Rimon-parez (The list from #17 to #32 represent the many years of wandering, following the cloud by day, the fire by night, and waiting for the many to die who could not enter the Promised land.) From Kadesh (Rithmah above) to Kadesh again (#34) is more that thirty years of wandering. (Numbers 33:19) Jasher 83:43) The name means "breach of the pomegranate".
18. Libnah (Numbers 33:20)
19. Rissah (Numbers 33:21)
20. Ke-hela-thah (Numbers 33:22) The name means "assembly."
21. Mt. Shapher (Numbers 33:23) This is another name for Mt. Seir (Jasher 84:3).It means "mount of pleasantness."
22. Haradah (Numbers 33:24) It means "mountain land".
23. Makheloth (Numbers 33:25)
24. Tahath (Numbers 33:26)
25. Tarah (Numbers 33:27)
26. Mith-cah (Numbers 33:28)
27. Hashmonah (Numbers 33:29)
28. Moseroth (Numbers 33:30) This is near Mt. Hor, and is near the Wadi Mousa (which flows into Petra).
29. Benejaakan (Numbers 33:31) This means "sons of Jaakan, a Horite chief (Genesis 36).
30. Horhagidagad (Numbers 33:32) This means "Mt. of Thunder", and may have been another descriptive name for Mt. Sinai.
31. Jotbathah (Numbers 33:33) This means "the goodly place."
32. Egronah (Numbers 33:34)
33. Ezion-gaber (Here the list of Numbers 21 begins, when the Hebrew people began to go to Mt. Hor, and then to the Red Sea to encompass Edom) This last list is the last two years of the wanderings, see Numbers 21:39-40) (Numbers 33:35) This means "giant's backbone".
34. wilderness of Zin (about Kadesh) Miriam dies here (Numbers 20:1-14). (Numbers 33:36, Jasher 84:24) Jasher calls this the wilderness of Sin. This means "wilderness of coldness."
35. Mt. Hor (The people murmur, and Moses in anger strikes the ROCK again, and angers God. Finally, on the first day of the fifth month in the 40th year, Aaron dies. (Numbers 33:37-40, Jasher 84:29-31)
36. Zalmonah (Numbers 33:41) This is supposed to be Ma'an, a few miles east of Petra.
37. Punon (Here, or near one of the cities before or after here, the fiery serpents are sent)(Numbers 33:42). This is probably the same as Pinon, between Petra and Zoar. Its name means "darkness."
38. Oboth (site unknown, perhaps near Ezion-gaber) (Numbers 21:10) (Numbers 33:43) The name means "bottles."
39. Ijeabarim This means "ruins of Abarim. It was east of the Dead Sea. (Numbers 21:11) - From Numbers 21:11-13, we learn that some of the camp were situated in the valley of Zared, and in Arnon which were near Ijeabarim. (Numbers 33:44)
40. Dibon-gad (the most important Moabite town of that region) While this was the main camp while in this area, the campaign against Sihon took them from Beer to Mattanah (the whole land of Sihon), to Nahaliel, Bamoth, and to Pisgah which looks to Jeshimon, the battlefield against Sihon, and in all the cities of the Amorites including Heshbon the capital of Sihon [see Numbers 21]. (Numbers 33:45, Jasher 85:16)
41. Almon-diblathim - This is where they came and battled Og at Edrei. Their stays also included Jaazer, Bashan, and Endrei. [see Numbers 21] (Numbers 33:46, Jasher 85:21-32)
42. Mts. of Abarim- This was the mountain region east of the Dead Sea and Jordan. Nebo is its highest peak, and Pisgah is the name of the top of Nebo. - Moses went to Mt. Nebo where he saw the Promised land, and where he died.) (Numbers 33:47)
43. plains of Moab by Jordan and near Jericho (from Bethjesimoth even Abel-shittim) - Here is where Balaam was encouraged to prophesy against Israel.. The sin of Peor causes 24,000 to die by plague. A final census is taken. The Midianites are defeated. Two and a half tribes settle east of Jordan. Moses gives his farewell testament, and dies in the eleventh month, on the first day, and in the fortieth year. (Numbers 33:48-36:13, Jasher 85:33-87:11)
44. Jordan, the Promised land -They cross Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, in the 41st year. On the fourteenth day of the first month in the 41st year, they keep the Passover, and the manna ceases. (Joshua chapters 1 to 5, Jasher 88:1-12)
Most of the maps with the route of the exodus outlined are filled with many guesses, suppositions, and ideas that are not supported with Scripture. The book of Jasher, Josephus, and the Bible are needed to identify where some of the places mentioned are really located. Even with those, there are still many locations mentioned in the wanderings, that are still unknown. They are likely names of places that existed only while the nation of Israel dwelt there, and when they moved on, they no longer were communities. Therefore, we are unwise to try to make specific locations of these vague locations. We can, with a careful examination of Scriptures, and ancient writings, make "educated guesses" about some of the places, and be fairly certain of their correctness.