THE WHITE THRONE
The "white throne" from which God will someday judge those souls in hell, as they are about to be put into the lake of fire.
"BECAUSE HE HATH APPOINTED A DAY IN WHICH HE WILL JUDGE THE WORLD IN RIGHTEOUSNESS BY THAT MAN WHOM HE HATH ORDAINED, WHEREOF HE HATH GIVEN ASSURANCE UNTO ALL MEN IN THAT HE HATH RAISED HIM FROM THE DEAD."
"IN THE DAY WHEN GOD SHALL JUDGE THE SECRETS OF MEN BY CHRIST ACCORDING TO MY GOSPEL..."
There is coming a day when the wicked dead (those who have died in their sins from Adam's day until the end of the Millennium) will be judged. This will take place at the end of the Millennium. The earth will be renovated by fire at that same time (Rev. 20:11, II Peter 3:7-13, Hebrews 1:10-12, 12:25-28, Romans 1:21-23). The place where it will happen is called "the Great White Throne." ) It is located on a mountain within sheol, it is a white literal mountain, with a throne-like top.
God will judge these wicked people according to their degree of revelation.
Some will be judged by their conscience (Romans 2:12-16), if that is all the revelation they have received.
Others will have their memory testify against them (Luke 16:25).
The law of Moses will condemn many, who have only known it (Romans 2:12-16).
The gospel message, and their failure to appropriate its grace, will testify against many (Romans 2:12-16).
However, men are judged, they will find God has recorded all their personal acts. (Matthew 12:36, Luke 12:2-9, John 3:18, and Rev. 20:12). If people have not repented of their sins, and had their names written into the Book of Life, they will be damned (Rev. 3:5, 13:8, 17:8, 20:12,15, 21:22, 22:18-19).
The judges of this judgment are both the Father and the Son.
God, the Father - Rev. 20:12
Jesus, the Son - John 5:19-27
"For the Father judges no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son"
The Father will decree--the Son will execute that judgment. (Acts 10:42, 17:31, Romans 2:16) This judgment will not be an invisible, spiritual, endless process. It will be a literal, visible trial. This trial will be similar to a trial on this earth. (Rev. 20:11-15, Psalms 9:8, Matthew 7:2,21, Hebrews. 9:27) The purpose of this trial is to give every man a fair hearing before final judgment is pronounced. It will reveal the secret sins of the wicked. It will judge all the works, thoughts, actions, and sins of people. (I Timothy 5:24, I Peter 1:17, Rev. 20:12-13, 22:12) Degrees of punishment will be meted out, according to the deeds done, and according to the degree of revelation one had to encourage them to repent. (Matthew 7:2, , 10:15, 11:22-24, 12:41-45, 23:12-14,33, Revelation 20:11-15, 22:12)
The end result of this judgment will be that those judged here will be sent to the Lake of Fire.
THE FOURTH HEAVEN
(Apoc. of Isaiah 2:28)
This heaven is simply the solar system in which our little planet exists. It is a greater in size place than the former heavens.
There are good and evil angels therein, and they are ruled by a "Throne angel" in the midst. The good angels praise the Lord, and the evil angels glorify Satan. All the angels therein were praising someone.
The volume of the good angels' praises was greater than the volume of the evil angels... Somehow this strikes me as different than here on earth, where the volume in the rock concerts dedicated to a band singing about the devil somehow is different than the volume in many sanctuaries wherein people sing hymns barely above a whisper (remember hearing that kind of song service???). Yet, the good angels in the fourth heaven know that God is not disturbed by volume. And you will note later that the praise in all the heavens to God is heard and seen in the seventh heaven where God Himself enjoys it.
THE FIFTH HEAVEN
(Apoc. of Isaiah 2:32-37)
This heaven is the regions of outer space beyond our solar system. This is a vast area, beyond mankind's ability to understand. The angels in that area are greater than angels in the former areas, and their praises are also of greater volume. These heavenly choirs of good angels praised so magnificently, that Isaiah even joined in as he listened. Praise is contagious, and worship that is Spirit inspired will encourage many to also worship. Therefore, we are encouraged to worship God when we gather together. Evil angels exist in this fifth heaven, and they worship their leader, but they are "drowned out" by the good angels... Surely, the Lord would like us on earth to do the same, but here in this first heaven, the praises for the earthly, for the carnal, and for the non-spiritual things is much greater than any volume we have as yet produced for God!!!! Perhaps the rocks are about to cry out!
THE SIXTH HEAVEN
(Apoc. of Isaiah 3:1-28)
This heaven has an "atmosphere" unlike the former two heavens... It is the planet which we know as "heaven" and there on that planet God dwells. It has "glory" such as not seen in the former heavens. We are told in the Bible that God has prepared there, things our minds have been unable to even conceive. The angels there have the greater aura of power and magnificence than angels in the former heavens. Their worship was "holy and spectacular".
Evil angels are not present there at all, and they could scarcely get a chorus of praise to the devil started there so close to God Himself. There is therefore no need for a "Throne angel" there. The Lord Himself rules here, and the evil angels have fled that place, for they are in direct opposition from Him. We are told to resist the devil, and he will flee from us also.
In the midst of this "awesome" worship, Isaiah joins in, and he worshipped the Trinity. Imagine, if you can, the very planet of God, and wherein the light of the Lord Himself abounds that its light makes the light of the other heavens seem like darkness, and the natural thing to speak of is not football games, politics, etc. but to praise and worship the Almighty God.
Isaiah does not want to leave this place, it is so magnificent and awesome that Isaiah begs to stay. The angel tells him that he has more work on earth to do, and that the glory of the sixth heaven is no comparison to the glory of the seventh.
THE SEVENTH HEAVEN
(Apoc. of Isaiah 4:1-6:43)
This is the bulk of the vision of Isaiah, for he is shown much of future events in this section. He is transported in time:
to the events of the rapture day,
to the events preceding the incarnation trip of the Lord to the earth,
to the events of the return of the risen Lord from earth to heaven.
This seventh heaven is the actual throne room of heaven. Just as the earth has a hollow place known as sheol, wherein there is the original abode of mankind in a perfect garden, and therein is the White Throne of the Almighty Trinity, so in heaven there is a separate area, with its own "atmosphere" (4:1), and is "in" the sixth heaven... Therefore, earth was likely designed after the planet heaven, and within it is a hollow place where, and only where, there would be enough room to adequately make a Throne room for the Almighty Trinity.
In that place, the seventh heaven, someday all the saints, and all the holy angels, will gather to worship the Lord for His blessed resurrection and rapture of His saints. Where else could we find such a room able to hold such a crowd???
Isaiah sees the Lord Jesus there, and he is concerned about Who is this One... He is told that this One has a name which no one can yet know. John re-iterates this truth in Revelation.
"His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns; and He had a name written, that no man knew, but He Himself."
This is a seldom taught fact, but it is true. We know Him as Jesus, Immanuel, etc. but He has a name yet to be revealed, and even in the vision of John of the last days, it is still not told to us.
In vision form, Isaiah sees this seventh heaven as did John and Enoch of their similar visions, for he sees this place as it will appear on rapture day. The saints are all about. Adam, Abel, Enoch, etc. are all there. The saints are wearing special garments, that replace the "filthy rags" of our own righteousness, for we are clothed in the righteousness of Christ, or we would not live standing face to face with God Almighty.