THE ILLUSTRATED LESSON
BUT STILL UNPREPARED.
18 I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with Me hath lifted up his heel against Me.
19 Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am He.
20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth Me; and he that receiveth Me receiveth Him that sent me.
21 When Jesus had thus said, He was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray Me.
22 Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom He spake.
23 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved.
24 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom He spake.
25 He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto Him, Lord, who is it?
26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when He had dipped the sop, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.
28 Now no man at the table knew for what intent He spake this unto him.
29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.
30 He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.
In Psalm 41:5-13 (KJV), we read a message about the crucifixion time, prophesied to David, for he was a ‘man after God’s’ thoughts. God shared with David the thoughts of Jesus at the time of the crucifixion. Jesus was referring to this Scripture here in John 13.
5 Mine enemies speak evil of Me, When shall He die, and His name perish?
6 And if he come to see me, he speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth iniquity to itself; when he goeth abroad, he telleth it.
7 All that hate Me whisper together against Me: against me do they devise My hurt.
8 An evil disease, say they, cleaveth fast unto Him: and now that He lieth He shall rise up no more.
9 Yea, Mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of My bread, hath lifted up his heel against Me.
10 But thou, O LORD, be merciful unto Me, and raise Me up, that I may requite them.
11 By this I know that thou favourest Me, because Mine enemy doth not triumph over Me.
12 And as for Me, thou upholdest Me in mine integrity, and settest Me before Thy face for ever.
13 Blessed be the LORD God of Israel from everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen.
Eating bread with Jesus made the sin more sinful. In that area, even now, the custom is that eating bread with an enemy makes them a friend. These customs of hospitality must not be broken.
The ‘lifted up his heel’ is a reference to a horse that can even kick the person who feeds him.
Jesus knew from the beginning who would betray Him. He had foretold the betrayal often, and now is getting more specific. The reason for these prophetic truths being tod is so that ‘when it is come to pass, ye may believe.’
I say unto you that one of you shall betray me...
Judas was still with there, having has his feet washed as had the others. Judas was not suspected and the disciples seemed to have complete confidence in him.
The writer of this gospel, the recorder of this sermon of Jesus was John. He was ‘leaning on Jesus' bosom’, reclining upon the Lord. He was known as one ‘whom Jesus loved’. Of course, we all know the Lord loved all, even Judas. John asks Jesus, ‘Lord, who is it?’
Jesus answered: He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it."
The word "sop" is the Greek: psomion (G5596), a morsel. It was a part of the passover meal, held with fingers, and then dipped in sauce, and handed to another at the meal. Normally, it is an honor for the receiver. The Lord thereby appealed to the heart of Judas.
Satan took advantage of the hardening of Judas’ heart here, and entered into Judas, so that he was under satanic control. We must beware of hardening our hearts, when the Lord attempts to soften them.
Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.
Jesus knew that Judas had chosen the evil deed in his heart, over repentance. Further appeal is useless, for satan had taken control.
THE PERSON ... JUDAS
Judas is a Greek form of the word "Judah." Ischariot means "the man of Kerioth)." The exact location of Kerioth is unknown, but was probably south of Judeah, perhaps the ruins of El Karjetein are the ancient site of Kerioth.
Judas was the son of Simon Ischariot (John 13:2, 6:71, 13:26). Judas was chosen by Jesus to be one of the twelve (Matthew 10:4, Mark 3:19, and Luke 6:16). He may have been one of the disciples present at John the Baptist's preaching (John 1:28). However, he may have joined Jesus later when Jesus traveled down through Judea (John 3:22).
The "Gospel of the Twelve Apostles" says that he joined Jesus near the sea of Tiberias (Matthew 4:18-22).
"Jesus appointed 12... (to) be with Him... (to) send them forth to preach..."
How did Judas come to be one of the special twelve? Jesus saw something in Judas, something that could have been. Yet, Jesus was not taken by surprise by Judas' betrayal.
"Jesus knew from the beginning... who it was who should betray Him..."
Jesus saw the potential for Judas to have been a great apostle, and for a while, he was. Judas had preached, had cast out devils, had healed the sick, once had devotion to the Lord. Yet, it was a divided loyalty, part love for Jesus, and part love for money.
Judas had a chance, for he had had three years watching Jesus heal the sick, resurrect the dead, teach the ignorant, and love the unloved. Judas had seen marvelous and miraculous deeds, had witnessed miracles uncountable.
A love for money, the filthy lucre of the world, lingered in his mind. This seed of wickedness overcame all the teaching of Jesus that he had heard. Judas allowed his tainted relationship with the Lord to make him become a damned soul. He had not destroyed every ounce of sin in his life. He held onto one vice, a manageable vice, he thought. Judas was wrong. That one vice that he hated to give up, damned his soul to hell-fire.
Some in ministry today, are facing the battle of sins unconquered in their own lives. The constant battle between their love for following Jesus, and their desire to yield to that temptation to sin is a seemingly never ending battle. Ministers are human, are normal people, with normal temptations. All have and all will fail in this life, Peter did, James and John did, etc. So will ministers in our day. Yet, what will be the ultimate winner? Jesus or our sinful self?
Judas did not profit from his hearing of Jesus teaching. He did not profit from seeing the marvelous deeds of the Lord. Like many today who sit through sermon after sermon, attend Bible study after Bible study, and still do not allow the teaching to change their life enough to make them stay committed to the Lord.
Judas had seen the feeding of the thousands with a few loaves and fishes, the Lord Jesus walk on water, Jesus show the disciples the Old Testament prophecies concerning Himself, Lazarus hop out of the tomb, but he still betrayed the Lord to be crucified.
There were repeated warnings. Jesus warned the disciples over and over against the love of money. Matthew and Judas both heard those messages, and as men who formerly had a great love for money. Both were admonished similarly. One listened, and the other did not listen.
"he that hath ears to hear, let him hear..."
Judas did not sin in ignorance. Neither do many today sin in ignorance. Judas still allowed small bit of greed to linger despite the often-repeated warnings of the Lord.
"When Jesus had said this, He was troubled in the Spirit, and testified and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray Me."
Jesus was "troubled in spirit" at the thought of the betrayal. Many a minister, if not all, has felt this troubling, this upset, this feeling of distress.
People who are ministered to, cared for, encouraged and exhorted in love for years will sometimes betray, be disloyal, do something treacherous toward, and almost literally back-stab the minister.
Jesus knew that He was soon to be beaten, mocked, crucified, etc. but it was the betrayal of Judas that "troubled", distressed, upset, and caused Him pain. This disciple, Judas, had been close to Jesus, had heard the sermons of the Lord, had witnessed the miracles done by our Lord, and had been forewarned and admonished in love by Him.
Yet, Judas now was being treacherous to the One Who loved him more than anyone could ever love him. Many a minister has felt, in measure, that kind of pain. The minister who tries to warn, to alert, to advise, and to admonish persons that are yielding to sin, being tempted, or neglecting the food of the Word to strengthen their souls, and to the consequences thereof, can then be betrayed by becoming the recipient of such counsel. This brings great anguish to the minister, as it did to Jesus.
A convert may come and hear the Word of the Lord given by a minister week after week, be encouraged, be counseled, be forgiven often, by the minister, and yet, the day can come when the person walks away to go back to the short-lived pleasures of the world.
Demas did this to Paul, "having loved the pleasures of the world more."
Paul must have felt grief and pain at that betrayal.
Traveling back from an evangelization outreach trip, a minister returned to his hometown, only to be forewarned by the Lord as he approached the city, that some in his denomination were plotting to throw him out, and even to kill him. Distraught and upset by the betrayal, the minister questioned God. God scolded the minister for his distress, and told him that he did not yet know the worst part, i.e. the starters and initiators of the plot were his own family. That minister was Jeremiah! What pain he felt at the betrayal.
The ingratitude of Judas Ischariot toward the loving ministry of Jesus was enormous. Jesus had said more than once: "The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men" and still Judas did not repent.
Isaiah had said of the Messiah: "A man of sorrows, acquainted with grief."
Unfortunately, many in congregations do somewhat know the sorrows of sin, the sorrow of sin against them by a friend. Many of us have been disappointed, spurned, rejected, and betrayed by a personal "Judas".
Jesus wept at Lazarus' tomb, but He was about to resurrect this same Lazarus. Yet, at the time of the betrayal, a greater grief struck our Lord,
and Jesus could not change what was about to happen. One of His own 12 was about to spurn this loving Savior. Jesus was betrayed by a FRIEND.
Jesus could endure the hatred of the priests, the shameful mocking of the mob, the jealousy of the Pharisees, the pity of Pilate, and the fierce brutality of the soldiers. Still, a FRIEND sold Him for the price of a slave!
Judas is always listed at the end of the lists of apostles in the Bible. He is always called the "betrayer", the "traitor". He had shipwrecked his life. He had lost the respect of his fellow disciples. He committed spiritual suicide
before he committed physical suicide. He had loved 30 pieces of silver more than he loved Jesus. The love for money had crept into Judas. He began to sweat and to slave for money. He wanted to have both Jesus and money. e became DOUBLE-MINDED, had DIVIDED LOYALTIES, and wanted to serve both God and mammon.
Matthew too had a love for money, but he left his toll booth with all its potential income for his discipleship with Jesus. Judas gripped tightly to the money bag of the Lord, and tried to follow Jesus without giving up his love for money. It did not work!
"The double-minded man is unstable in all his ways."
The person who tries to serve Jesus and still hang onto a love for money will find that it will lead them to the Laodicean type of Christianity. They may find the money, but in so doing lose the Lord, as did Judas. The thirty pieces of silver that Judas received for selling out Jesus, is replaced in our day with many so-called saints in the "prosperity" doctrine of today.
Esau was willing to sell his birthright for a bowl of soup. Many are willing to betray and forsake their Lord for the promise of wealth, the security of financial success, and the "soup of the day" religion. To trade a price-less Savior for temporal mammon is foolish! The divided heart of trying to have both will damn the soul of such a fool.
The sin of Judas started small but grew. From little sin, to damnation in hell is such a short trip. It did not take long for Judas to fall: from ministry, from casting out demons, from laying hands on the sick and seeing them healed, to infamy, to shame, to betrayal, to damnation in hell.
For Judas, it was -thirty pieces of silver.
For Esau, it was - a bowl of soup.
For Samson, it was the attention of a beautiful woman.
For Eve, it was the satisfaction of her curiosity.
For Cain, it was revenge against Abel.
For what would you sell your Lord???
Thirty pieces of silver was only the price of a slave. It would not have been enough to take care of Judas for the rest of his life. The offer was not adequate a repayment to sell out an enemy, let alone to sell out Jesus. It was not BLATANT GREED. Judas was not well paid for his betrayal.
This was not an attempt of Judas to get Jesus to assert His kingship. Some have thought that perhaps Judas believed that Jesus would call angels from heaven to defend Him, and thereby overthrow the Romans now, and claim His throne. There is no hint of that anywhere in Scripture.
It was not hatred of Jesus. The Lord had not done anything to make Judas hate Him. He had been loved by the Lord as were all the other disciples. There was no slight, only warnings. There was no wrong, only grief at his disloyalty. Judas had no reason to hate the Lord. The "kiss" at the time of betrayal was likely normal, expected, and far from unusual.
Rather, the reason for the betrayal was the fact that he loved money MORE than he loved Jesus. He had tried to keep both a love for Jesus and a love for money, and the love for money kept pulling more and more of the attention of Judas.
Today, many try to keep some SIN, and keep the Lord also. It is a deadly trap of the devil to convince mankind that such a feat is possible. The Lord is a JEALOUS GOD, and will not tolerate any other gods in His presence!
his chance for eternal life,
his chance to have one of the foundations
of the New Jerusalem named after him
his eternal mansion in such city.
all for 30 pieces of silver!
When Jesus said, during the last supper, "ONE OF YOU SHALL BETRAY ME!" the disciples answered: "IS IT I?" If Jesus had said "YES" to other of the disciples they would have repented. But one was turning a deaf ear to the discussion. When Jesus said it was the one who dips his bread in the broth at the same time as I, the only disciple who was not listening carefully enough to avoid doing so was JUDAS. He had a spiritual-willing-deafness at the end.
Many in church congregations today have such a DEAFNESS of spirit. They sit in sermon after sermon, being warned of sin and its damning consequences. They hear, but they do not hear well enough to do anything about it. Many may soon end up IN A DEVIL'S HELL-FIRE!.
The turning point for Judas
was after the sermon of Jesus
on the BREAD OF LIFE.
This sermon was preached in Capernaum, and is recorded in John 6:26-59. After Jesus preached it, many disciples departed (verse 66). Then Jesus said:
"Did not I choose you, the 12, and one of you is a devil..."
It is recorded there that many "walked no more with Him..." but Judas walked "with Him" but no longer with the same ardor and zeal.
Jesus foreknew the fall of Judas. Although Judas had preached, prayed, and done miracles as the other disciples, Jesus knew that someday Judas would betray Him.
"Jesus knew from the beginning who should betray Him."
The knowledge of the Lord, about such betrayal, did not make Him love Judas less. Jesus did not mistreat, abuse, or shame this Judas, but patiently loved, counseled, called into private session this soon-to-betray-Him saint.
Judas did not make an open break with Jesus when he decided to betray Him.
After the sermon on the BREAD OF LIFE; Judas traveled along with the other 11 disciples, Judas watched as Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead, Judas watched as the multitudes threw garments and palm branches upon the pathway of Jesus riding into Jerusalem, and probably joined in with the shouting of "HOSANNA", Judas tried to look holy, as he sat at the table of the last supper, Judas had to be prompted by Jesus to go do what was in his heart to do, with the words:
"What thou doest, do quickly!" (John 13:27).
Judas tried to appear loving and faithful by greeting Jesus with a KISS at the moment of the betrayal, Judas tried to divert the blame to the chief priests after the betrayal (Matthew 27:3-4).
At least in a football game, one can tell which side someone is on, by the uniform. In congregations, many are wearing the opponents uniform. The devil himself is said to come as an "angel of light", and as a "wolf in sheep's clothing". Many a saint has been fooled by the treacherous, deceitful, cunning betrayers. The Lord knew of Judas' deceit, and still knows the saints from the hypocrites today! The wheat and the tares may be hard for us to distinguish. Yet. the Lord knows.
This Judas had been appointed the keeper of the purse. Still, he disregarded warnings of Jesus.
"But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal."
"For there is nothing covered that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known. Therefore, whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness, shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops."
Judas pretended to be zealous to aid the poor.
"There came to Him a woman bearing an alabaster box of very precious ointment... poured it upon His head... when His disciples saw it, they had indignation, and said, To what purpose is this waste?
The absence of Judas from the last supper was only temporary. He made a compact with the chief priests (Matthew 26:14-15), and then was present later at the washing of the feet of the disciples by Jesus (John 13:10, 18). Then he was at the meal (Matthew 26:21). Finally, Jesus said: "he who shall dip the sop, and give it him." Some wonder was Judas present at that first communion, and the answer is ALMOST CERTAINLY. Jesus served him the bread and the wine, and following that was the time of the dipping of the sop. The communion that became memorial for the church, and has brought blessing to many down through the ages brought damnation to Judas.
Judas departed again, and brought the waiting soldiers to the garden where he knew the Lord would go. He betrayed our Lord and Savior there with a KISS (Matthew 26:47:50, Mark 14:43-44, Luke 22:47, John 18:25).
Matthew tells us that Judas "cast down the pieces of silver into the sanctuary and departed, and he went away and hanged himself."
The chief priests purchased a potter's field (a worthless field filled with broken pieces of useless pottery). This field was filled with those remnants of the failures of the potter. No one wanted to walk across such a field, for it would cut, scrape and hurt to walk across all those pieces. This broken pottery was a fitting type for Judas, for he had been the one piece of pottery that the Lord had labored, as the great POTTER, but had to cast out broken and useless. The flaw in that piece of pottery known as "Judas" was his love for money.
Judas went to this same field of a potter, before they purchased it, and he hanged himself there upon a tree in that worthless field. After he had broken his neck in the hanging, his body fell from the tree upon the broken, sharp pieces of pottery below. His body was mutilated by the broken shards of pottery. His blood flowed upon these broken pieces. The field became known as the "field of blood". When the body was found the next day, the chief priests decided to use the money of Judas to purchase it, and use the field to bury Judas, and others who were worthless, and had no proper burial spot, nor could their families afford such.
The events at the end fulfilled the prophecy of Zechariah 11:12-14:
"...So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. And the Lord said unto me, Call it unto the potter; a goodly price that I was prised at of them.
And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them in the potter in the house of the Lord."
This prophecy was ascribed by Matthew (Matt. 27:3-10) to Jeremiah, and perhaps Jeremiah did so prophesy, and Zechariah was quoting from the prophecy of Jeremiah. We have lost so many prophetic Scriptures and writings of the prophets.
"Men and brethren, this Scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, who was guide to them that took Jesus. For he was numbered with us, and had obtained part of this ministry. Now this man purchased a field with the reward of his iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out. And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood. For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein; and his bishoprick, let another take."
This part of Psalms, which Peter in his sermon tells us refers to Judas, also adds some more revelation concerning him.
"Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents. For they persecute Him Whom thou hast smitten; and they talk to the grief of those whom thou hast wounded. Add iniquity unto their iniquity, and let them not come into Thy righteousness. Let them be BLOTTED OUT OF THE BOOK OF THE LIVING, AND NOT BE WRITTEN WITH THE RIGHTEOUS."
Judas did not find repentance and redemption, but had his name blotted out of the book of life. This is quite a warning for us, who walk with the Lord daily as did Judas. We have read of the great miracles of Jesus, which Judas stood there and literally watched. He failed and betrayed that same Lord. So could we, if we choose! Beware of the sins of Judas.Judas had been forewarned, his betrayal had been foreknown, and yet, he did not prepare for the temptation, he resisted the conviction of the Spirit, and he ended up in hell fire for eternity. We must heed the warnings this gives to us.