WHAT ARE THE BIBLE’S TEACHING ON FOODS???
SOME WAS FLESH, i.e. MEAT
FLESH WAS ALSO COMMON FOOD IN BIBLE TIMES
Perhaps, less meat was eaten then than now. But this is not certain. Some think it was limited to special occasions, family festivals, entertaining guests, and sacrificial meals. Yet, though some think this limits its ingestion, the magnitude of such kind of occasions, would make meats an oft eaten food.
The goat (especially the kid) was prized for food (Leviticus 4:23-28). Goats were also prized for their milk (Proverbs 27:27). Goats were valued possessions (Genesis 30:33, 32:14, I Samuel 25:2). Some think this value of goats for food, was because the lamb was more valuable for other reasons, so when a meal of flesh was desired, the goat was a readier victim (Luke 15:29).
The sheep of the Bible times was mostly the fat tailed species. The tail and the fatty parts were to be given to God as a sacrifice. (Exodus 29:22, Leviticus 3:9). To kill a lamb to honor a guest is one of the highest hospitality. Usually, only lambs were used for meat. (I Samuel 25:18, I Kings 1:19)
Little is said in the Old Testament about ‘fish’ in the diet (Numbers 11:5, Jeremiah 16:16, Ezekiel 47:10, and Ecclesiastes 9:12). Yet, there are 36 varieties of fish found available in the Jordan valley. There must have been a fish market near the ‘fish gate’ (Nehemiah 3:3). The ‘small fishes’ of Jesus’ miracle of multiplication of foods, would not have been done by the Lord, if He considered ‘fish’ to be non-proper for food, He could have just multiplied the bread.
Pigeons, doves, fatted fowl (probably geese) were often a part of the diet. The abundance of fruit trees in the land, meant an abundance of birds. Birds could be caught even by the poorest of the people, providing meat for even those who could not afford sheep, goats, or cattle for food. The game birds of partridge, quail, and sparrow were the most easily captured for food (Matthew 10:29, Luke 12: 6).
Eggs of the domestic fowls were popular (Deuteronomy 22:6, Isaiah 10:14, Luke 11:12). Poultry and fish were very common as foods, and yet, red meats were more meats of the wealthy.
The Bible speaks of the ‘calves of the herd,’ the ‘fatted calf’ (Luke 15:23), ‘fatlings’, and the ‘stalled ox’. An ox was stalled, and fed greatly, to provide a fatty, red meat hurriedly. This shows that ‘red meat’ was a prized and valued food. The flesh of male and female cattle was eaten.The importance of meats, and the abundance of red meat in such flesh eating, is shown in menu’s listed in the Bible.
The menu of ‘Solomon’s’ table, as shown in the Bible, show us the overwhelming reliance on meats for food. He had 30 measures of fine flour, 3 score measures of meal, 10 fat oxen, 20 oxen from pasture, 100 sheep, harts, gazelles, roe-bucks, and fatted fowl.
Nehemiah’s daily portion was one ox, and 6 choice sheep.
David’s menu was a bit more conservative than was Solomon’s, but still there was heavy reliance on meats. (II Samuel 17:28, I Kings 4:22, Nehemiah 5:18)
The Bible shows that hunting, and the meats gotten in such activity were used as a main source of the diets. The gazelle, the hart, the venison were common parts of the diet. Esau’s savory meat was venison. (Genesis 25:28, 27:4)
Locusts were part of the food of John the Baptist (Matthew 3:4). These were considered to be delicacies by the Assyrians, and a favorite food of the Arabs. The head, legs, and wings were removed and put in meat, fried in oil and butter. Sometimes the locusts were dried or roasted, mixed with honey, and made into cakes. At other times, the locusts were dried and salted, and eaten as we do potato chips.
Milk is a by-product of the raising of flesh food. It is a staple article of food (Deuteronomy 32:14, Proverbs 27:27). Milk was usually kept in skins
(Judges 4:19). Often, the milk was made into cheese (Job 10:10).
Bees’ honey was prized and relished by the culture of that day. (Psalms 19:10, Proverbs 16:24).It seems to have been a favorite food of the children (Isaiah 7:15), probably like candy bars, and such are today for children.
Now, if these facts here, disturb any doctrine out there, that many are preaching, perhaps you had better consider that the Bible warns against the 'preaching to abstain from foods," and that kind of dogma is one of the false doctrines of the last days. So, beware those teachings, make sure all lines up with the Word.