LESSON 27 JASHER CH 24
SARAH DIES, ISAAC TAKES A WIFE
1. And the life of Sarah was one hundred and twenty-seven years, and Sarah died; and Abraham rose up from before his dead to seek a burial place to bury his wife Sarah; and he went and spoke to the children of Heth, the inhabitants of the land, saying,
2. I am a stranger and a sojourner with you in your land; give me a possession of a burial place in your land, that I may bury my dead from before me.
3. And the children of Heth said unto Abraham, behold the land is before thee, in the choice of our sepulchers bury thy dead, for no man shall withhold thee from burying thy dead.
4. And Abraham said unto them, if you are agreeable to this go and entreat for me to Ephron, the son of Zochar, requesting that he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which is in the end of his field, and I will purchase it of him for whatever he desire for it.
5. And Ephron dwelt among the children of Heth, and they went and called for him, and he came before Abraham, and Ephron said unto Abraham, Behold all thou requirest thy servant will do; and Abraham said, No, but I will buy the cave and the field which thou hast for value, in order that it may be for a possession of a burial place forever.
6. And Ephron answered and said, Behold the field and the cave are before thee, give whatever thou desirest; and Abraham said, Only at full value will I buy it from thy hand, and from the hands of those that go in at the gate of thy city, and from the hand of thy seed for ever.
7. And Ephron and all his brethren heard this, and Abraham weighed to Ephron four hundred shekels of silver in the hands of Ephron and in the hands of all his brethren; and Abraham wrote this transaction, and he wrote it and testified it with four witnesses.
8. And these are the names of the witnesses, Amigal son of Abishna the Hittite, Adichorom son of Ashunach the Hivite, Abdon son of Achiram the Gomerite, Bakdil the son of Abudish the Zidonite.
9. And Abraham took the book of the purchase, and placed it in his treasures, and these are the words that Abraham wrote in the book, namely:
10. That the cave and the field Abraham bought from Ephron the Hittite, and from his seed, and from those that go out of his city, and from their seed for ever, are to be a purchase to Abraham and to his seed and to those that go forth from his loins, for a possession of a burial place for ever; and he put a signet to it and testified it with witnesses.
11. And the field and the cave that was in it and all that place were made sure unto Abraham and unto his seed after him, from the children of Heth; behold it is before Mamre in Hebron, which is in the land of Canaan.
12. And after this Abraham buried his wife Sarah there, and that place and all its boundary became to Abraham and unto his seed for a possession of a burial place.
13. And Abraham buried Sarah with pomp as observed at the interment of kings, and she was buried in very fine and beautiful garments.
14. And at her bier was Shem, his sons Eber and Abimelech, together with Anar, Ashcol and Mamre, and all the grandees of the land followed her bier.
15. And the days of Sarah were one hundred and twenty-seven years and she died, and Abraham made a great and heavy mourning, and he performed the rites of mourning for seven days.
16. And all the inhabitants of the land comforted Abraham and Isaac his son on account of Sarah.
17. And when the days of their mourning passed by Abraham sent away his son Isaac, and he went to the house of Shem and Eber, to learn the ways of the Lord and his instructions, and Abraham remained there three years.
18. At that time Abraham rose up with all his servants, and they went and returned homeward to Beersheba, and Abraham and all his servants remained in Beersheba.
19. And at the revolution of the year Abimelech king of the Philistines died in that year; he was one hundred and ninety-three years old at his death and Abraham went with his people to the land of the Philistines, and they comforted the whole household and all his servants, and he then turned and went home.
20. And it was after the death of Abimelech that the people of Gerar took Benmalich his son, and he was only twelve years old, and they made him king in the place of his father.
21. And they called his name Abimelech after the name of his father, for thus was it their custom to do in Gerar, and Abimelech reigned instead of Abimelech his father, and he sat upon his throne.
22. And Lot the son of Haran also died in those days, in the thirty-ninth year of the life of Isaac, and all the days that Lot lived were one hundred and forty years and he died.
23. And these are the children of Lot, that were born to him by his daughters, the name of the first born was Moab, and the name of the second was Benami.
24. And the two sons of Lot went and took themselves wives from the land of Canaan, and they bare children to them, and the children of Moab were Ed, Mayon, Tarsus, and Kanvil, four sons, these are fathers to the children of Moab unto this day.
25. And all the families of the children of Lot went to dwell wherever they should light upon, for they were fruitful and increased abundantly.
26. And they went and built themselves cities in the land where they dwelt, and they called the names of the cities which they built after their own names.
27. And Nahor the son of Terah, brother to Abraham, died in those days in the fortieth year of the life of Isaac, and all the days of Nahor were one hundred and seventy-two years, and he died and was buried in Haran.
28. And when Abraham heard that his brother was dead he grieved sadly, and he mourned over his brother many days.
29. And Abraham called for Eliezer his head servant, to give him orders concerning his house, and he came and stood before him.
30. And Abraham said to him, Behold I am old, I do not know the day of my death; for I am advanced in days; now therefore rise up, go forth and do not take a wife for my son from this pace and from this land, from the daughters of the Canaanites amongst whom we dwell.
31. But go to my land and to my birthplace, and take from thence a wife for my son, and the Lord God of Heaven and earth who took me from my father's house and brought me to this place, and said unto me, To thy seed will I give this land for an inheritance for ever, he will send his angel before thee and prosper thy way, that thou mayest obtain a wife for my son from my family and from my father's house.
32. And the servant answered his master Abraham and said, Behold I go to thy birthplace and to thy father's house, and take a wife for thy son from there; but if the woman be not willing to follow me to this land, shall I take thy son back to the land of thy birthplace?
33. And Abraham said unto him, Take heed that thou bring not my son hither again, for the Lord before whom I have walked he will send his angel before thee and prosper thy way.
34. And Eliezer did as Abraham ordered him, and Eliezer swore unto Abraham his master upon this matter; and Eliezer rose up and took ten camels of the camels of his master, and ten men from his master’s servants with him, and they rose up and went to Haran, the city of Abraham and Nahor, in order to fetch a wife for Isaac the son of Abraham; and whilst they were gone Abraham sent to the house of Shem and Eber, and they brought from thence his son Isaac.
35. And Isaac came home to his father's house to Beersheba, whilst Eliezer and his men came to Haran; and they stopped in the city by the watering place, and he made his camels to kneel down by the water and they remained there.
36. And Eliezer, Abraham's servant, prayed and said, O God of Abraham my master; send me I pray thee good speed this day and show kindness unto my master, that thou shalt appoint this day a wife for my master's son from his family.
37. And the Lord Hearkened to the voice of Eliezer, for the sake of his servant Abraham, and he happened to meet with the daughter of Bethuel, the son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, brother to Abraham, and Eliezer came to her house.
38. And Eliezer related to them all his concerns, and that he was Abraham's servant, and they greatly rejoiced at him.
39. And they all blessed the Lord who brought this thing about, and they gave him Rebecca, the daughter of Bethuel, for a wife for Isaac.
40. And the young woman was of very comely appearance, she was a virgin, and Rebecca was ten years old in those days.
41. And Bethuel and Laban and his children made a feast on that night, and Eliezer and his men came and ate and drank and rejoiced there on that night.
42. And Eliezer rose up in the morning, he and the men that were with him, and he called to the whole household of Bethuel, saying, Send me away that I may go to my master; and they rose up and sent away Rebecca and her Deborah, the daughter of Uz, and they gave her silver and gold, men servants and maid servants, and they blessed her.
43. And they sent Eliezer away with his men; and the servants took Rebecca, and he went and returned to his master to the land of Canaan.
44. And Isaac took Rebecca and she became his wife, and he brought her into the tent.
45. And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebecca, the daughter of his uncle Bethuel, for a wife.
DID SARAH DIE BEFORE THE RETURN HOME, OR AFTER?
Josephus records, in the Antiquities of the Jews, Book 1, ch. 13, section 4:
"When God has said this, He produced them a ram, which did not appear before, for the sacrifice. So Abraham and Isaac, receiving each other unexpectedly, and having obtained the promises of such great blessings, embraced one another; and when they had sacrificed, they returned to Sarah, and lived happily together, God affording them his assistance in all things they desired."
This statement affords a controversy that as yet is unresolved. Did Sarah die before they returned home. According to Josephus, the death occurred some time later, and according to Jasher, her death occurred during their absence. Josephus teaches that Isaac was only 25 at the time of the sacrifice on Mount Moriah (Antiq. of the Jews, ch. 13, sect. 2). Here Jasher clearly states that he was 37. If he were 37, Sarah did die that year, for she was 90 when he was born, and died at 127, which would make Isaac 37 at the time.
The Bible does indicate that Abraham was not with Sarah when she died.
"and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her."
He was likely at Beer-sheba, for the Bible says that is where he went after the sacrifice.
"So Abraham returned unto his young men... went together to Beer-sheba... Abraham dwelt at Beer-sheba."
Many of the vast herds of Abraham were likely there, and he went there to supervise their care.
Since the Bible is not clear to indicate who is right, Josephus or Jasher, one may choose. Jasher is the older book, and is probably the correct one in this case.
The "young men" that accompanied him, were according to Jasher, Eliezer and Ishmael. An old Targum also says that they were Eliezer and Ishmael. The writer of the Targum probably received the information from Jasher.
"Sarah was 127 years old, there were the years of the life of Sarah. And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan; and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her."
The name "Kirjatharba" means "the stronghold of Arba." It was a fortified location built of Anak of the giants. Anak and his three sons, Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai. These were men of great height. Arba was the father of Anak and a great man among the giants.
Joshua 14:15 (KJV)
15 And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
Joshua 15:13-14 (KJV)
13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron.
14 And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak.
Immediately after the flood, the devil tried to defile the seed of the coming Messiah, by having evil angels marry women of this earth who would then give birth to gigantic half angelic beings.
"there were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men."
These beings lived great and long times. The sons of Anak were still living in that area when Joshua, and the children of Israel returned to re-claim the promised land.
Numbers 13:22 (KJV)
22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
THE CAVE OF MACHPELAH
This cave of Machpelah comes from the Hebrew word for "double." Perhaps it was a double cave. It still exists within a massive wall, under the floor of one of the holiest shrines of the Mohammedan world. Its entrance is within the mosque Haram at Hebron. Neither Jews nor Christians are permitted to enter it. The bodies of Abraham, Isaac, Sarah, Rebekah, Leah, Jacob are reputed to still be n mummified state within it. A glass-like wall is in place through which many claim the bodies may still be viewed.
The mosque upon its entrance is 200 foot long, 115 feet wide, and 50 feet high. The stones of this mosque are 12 to 20 feet long, 4-5 inches thick.
The cave was purchased for 400 shekels of silver. It was purchased from the "sons of Heth." Heth was a son of Canaan (Genesis 10). His descendants were the Hittites. They were called "Bene Cheth" (which means "sons of Heth, or Cheth) in Abraham's day. This cave was located in the field of Ephron, the Hittite.
Abraham is honored by Arabs, Christians, and Jews. Abraham was called the "friend of God", and the name for Hebron given by the Arab peoples is today called "Al Khulil" which means "the friend."
THE MARRIAGE OF ISAAC
Marriages, in those days, were usually made by parents or representatives of both families. They were as business deals between the families. Usually, the groom's family chose the bride and then dealt with her parents. The business arrangements were made, and agreements were very binding.
Sometimes, the groom suggested his preference:
as Shechem to Hamor about Dinah,
Genesis 34:4 (KJV)
4 And Shechem spake unto his father Hamor, saying, Get me this damsel to wife.
and Samson for Delilah.
Judges 14:2 (KJV)
2 And he came up, and told his father and his mother, and said, I have seen a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines: now therefore get her for me to wife.
There were no ceremonies of marriage in those days. Removal of the bride from her home, to the home of the bridegroom, completed the arranged marriage. The original deal between the parents of the bride and groom was the agreement, and the completion of bringing the bride to the home of the groom was the completion of such arrangement. Some celebrated the marriage with a feast.
The reason that Abraham did not want Isaac to marry one of the Canaanites, was that the blood lines in the Canaanites was so defiled by the angelic interference into the human race. Arba, Anak, etc. had intermarried with the Canaanites so much that to marry into those Canaanites would bring great likelihood of corrupting the pure blood lines from Adam and Eve. The Messiah, Jesus, was to come and be direct lineage from Adam and Eve, so that He could die for all mankind. Abraham lived in an area where there were many giants in that day.
When people marry, they make a promise to each other and to God. This is a pledge and a vow. Since it is a vow to honor this union, any breaking of this union purposely is a sin.
"When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for He hath no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed."
Today the purpose of the religious wedding service is to emphasize the spiritual side of marriage. The religious service does not make the marriage have a spiritual significance, for all marriages have the spiritual element whether the ceremony is religious or simply civil. God instituted marriage, and is present at all ceremonies. If the two entering into the marriage will remain submissive to God, the marriage will have a blessing upon it that will astound the world. The submission to God is not a one time event at the wedding. The two can stray from submissiveness to the Lord, and the marriage will cease to be blessed.
The wedding is a contract between God and two people who want to unite and become ONE. God witnesses every marriage, and unites each couple that weds. The two become ONE. This ONENESS comes when two individuals are united into this special relationship called marriage. It does not come by love alone. It only occurs and continues as the two totally give themselves to and for each other. Any straying from that ONENESS is destructive to the marriage. Some attempt marriage and want to have separate friends, separate interests, and separate religious faiths. These things make the marriage a TWO - who occasionally try to have a ONENESS.
The vows in marriage are meant to show the closeness and oneness of the union. The two are to share each others' total love, health, wealth, circumstances, and to give themselves totally to each other. This is a submissiveness to the other partner that is only possible in a marriage. When we enter marriage, we are to vow to work together as a unit, and not individually. The age long argument of "Who's the boss?" illustrates the breakdown of that concept. For the idea in that question is that there are TWO, and that ONE should be the BOSS. However, if there is only ONE, how can there be a BOSS?
It is like the two hands of our body, each hand is a separate entity, in one way; and yet - they are both part of the same body. There is no argument on which hand is the boss. The boss is the head of the body. In the same way, when two people join in marriage, they are part of the ONE body, and Christ is the head of the family, the two are like the two hands which join together in the work for the Lord, following His instructions. The two hands being both part of the same body will work together, aid each other, care for the hurts inflicted on either, and each follow the instructions of the head of the body. One hand is usually dominant, and in most cases, a person is right-handed. The right hand, being then the most agile and strong, is more likely to lift the load, carry the burdens, and do the more difficult tasks. This teamwork was like the two who become part of one body, and work together then as one.
Rebekah is chosen here to be the bride for Isaac. "Rebekah" means "captivating." Nahor and Milcah were her grandparents. So Isaac was her second cousin. Her father was Bethuel (whose name means "separated unto God"). She had a brother, Laban, who we will find dealings with later.
Isaac awaited his bride near a fountain of water on the way to Shur. It was originally called Beer-la-hai-roi, by Hagar after her visit by the pre-incarnate Jesus.
Genesis 16:7-16 (KJV)
7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.
8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.
9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.
10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.
11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.
12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.
13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?
14 Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.
15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.
16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.
Genesis 24:62 (KJV)
62 And Isaac came from the way of the well Lahairoi; for he dwelt in the south country.
Genesis 25:11 (KJV)
11 And it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac dwelt by the well Lahairoi.