GOD's ARMY, CONTENDING for the FAITH
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murjahel

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LESSON 4

THE STORY OF CAIN AND ABEL

 

 

Jasher 1:

12.And the Lord God drove them that day from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which they were taken, and they went and dwelt at the east of the garden of Eden; And Adam knew his wife Eve and she bore two sons and three daughters.

13. And she called the name of the first born Cain, saying I have obtained a man for the Lord, and the name of the other she called Abel, for she said, In vanity we shall be taken from it.

14. And the boys grew up and their father gave them a possession in the land; and Cain was a tiller of the ground, and Abel a keeper of sheep.

15. And it was at the expiration of a few years, the they brought an approximating offering to the Lord, and Cain brought from the fruit of the ground, and Abel brought from the firstl

ings of his flock from the fat thereof, and God turned and inclined to Abel and his offering, and a fire came down from the Lord from heaven and consumed it.

16. And unto Cain and his offering the Lord did not turn, and He did not incline to it, for He had brought from the inferior fruit of the ground before the Lord, and Cain was jealous against his brother Abel on account of this, and he sought a pretext to slay him.

17.And in some time after, Cain and Abel his brother, went one day into the field to do their work; and they were both in the field, Cain tilling and plowing his ground, and Abel feeding his flock; and the flock passed that part which Cain had plowed in the ground, and it sorely grieved Cain on this account.

18. And Cain approached his brother Abel in anger, and he said unto him, What is there between me and thee, that thou comest to dwell and bring thy flock to feed in my land?

19. And Abel answered his brother Cain and said unto him, What is there between me and thee, that thou shalt eat the flesh of my flock and clothe thyself with their wool?

20. And now therefore, put off the wool of my sheep with which thou hast clothed thyself, and recompense me for their fruit and flesh which thou hast eaten, and when thou shalt have done this, I will then go from thy land as thou hast said.

21. And Cain said to his brother Abel, Surely if I slay thee this day, who will require thy blood from me?

22. And Abel answered Cain, saying Surely God Who has made us in the earth, He will avenge my cause, and He will require my blood from thee shouldst thou slay me, for the Lord is the Judge and Arbiter, and it is He Who will requite man according to his evil, and the wicked man according to the wickedness that he may do upon the earth.

23. And now if thou shouldst slay me here, surely God knoweth thy secret views, and will judge thee for thy evil which thou didst declare to do unto me this day.

24. And when Cain heard the words which Abel his brother had spoken, behold the anger of Cain was kindled against his brother Abel for declaring this thing.

25. And Cain hastened and rose up, and took the iron part of his plowing instrument, with which he suddenly smote his brother and he slew him, and Cain spilt the blood of his brother Abel upon the earth, and the blood of Abel streamed upon the earth before the flock.

26. And after this Cain repented having slain his brother, and he was sadly grieved, and he wept over him and it vexed him exceedingly.

27. And Cain rose up and dug a hole in the field, wherein he put his brother's body, and he turned the dust over it.

28. And the Lord knew what Cain had done to his brother, and the Lord appeared to Cain and said unto him, Where is Abel thy brother that was with thee?

29. And Cain dissembled, and said, I do not know, am I my brother's keeper? And the Lord said unto him, What hast thou done? The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto Me from the ground where thou hast slain him.

30. For thou hast slain thy brother and hast dissembled before Me, and didst imagine in thy heart that I saw thee not, nor knew all thy actions.

31. But thou didst this thing and didst slay thy brother for naught and because he spoke rightly to thee, and now, therefore, cursed be thou from the ground which opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand, and wherein thou didst bury him.

32. And it shall be when thou shalt till it, it shall no more give thee its strength as in the beginning, for thorns and thistles shall the ground produce, and thou shalt be moving and wandering in the earth until the day of thy death.

33. And at that time, Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, from the place where he was, and he went moving and wandering in the land toward the east of Eden, he and all belonging to him.

34. And Cain knew his wife in those days, and she conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Enoch, saying, In that time the Lord began to give him rest and quiet in the earth.

35. And at that time, Cain also began to build a city; and he built the city and he called the name of the city- Enoch, according to the name of his son; for in those days the Lord had given him rest upon the earth, and he did not move about and wander as in the beginning.

36. And Irad was born to Enoch, and Irad begat Mechuyael, and Mechuyael begat Methusael.

 

 

In vs 12 , we see that "Adam knew his wife Eve." This, of course, speaks of their sexual union with the result of childbirth. One tradition says that Adam and Eve had 30 sons, and 30 daughters. Another says they had a total of 300 sons, and 300 daughters. Here, in Jasher, only a total of five are now seen, but Seth was born over a hundred years later, after the birth of Cain and Abel. There were many children born before and after Seth.

 

Then in vss. 12-21, it relates in detail that God refused the sacrifice of Cain, and accepted the sacrifice of Abel. The Bible speaks often of this event. The Genesis story is not as detailed, and we can see that Moses, in reading the toledoth of this story had summarized this story.

The New Testament refers to this story also:

I John 3:12

"Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil and his brother's righteous."

Hebrews 11:4

"By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts, and by it he being dead, yet speaks."

THE MARK UPON CAIN

 

Jude 10-11

About these speak evil of those things which they know not; but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things, they corrupt themselves. Woe unto them!For they have gone the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.

Cain and Abel were the first two sons of Adam and Eve. The discussion of one of the two, necessitates the discussion of the other. In the churches of today, also, to discuss the abuse of some, the sins of some claiming to be Christian, one necessarily must discuss those that are victimized, abused, and damaged by them.

The sibling rivalry, the anger in Cain, started by the acceptance of Abel's sacrifice and by the rejection of Cain's. Finally, Cain slew Abel. The actions of many, the emotions of many in churches of our day, can be directly attributed to the same kind of jealousy, and feelings of being offended. It was God Who chose to honor Abel’s sacrifice, and not Abel’s attempt to embarrass Cain. Yet, Cain grew angry at Abel, rather than realizing his own error, and why God honored Abel’s and not his sacrifice.

Cain denied to the Lord, that he knew of Abel's whereabouts. The famous defense of "Am I my brother's keeper?" was first uttered by a deceitful Cain. Many have uttered such feelings, and hopes to avoid responsibility since that time. Denial of guilt did not assuage Cain's guilt, nor his punishment. God is all-knowing, and He knows our every sin.

I John 3:12

"Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil and his brother's righteous."

Here, Cain is called ‘that wicked one’. Some in churches of our day, are not just carnal Christians. They have gone far beyond sins of weakness, and have lost their relationship with God. The Spirit may still be convicting them, but God is not dwelling inside of them. The voice of direction they heed, is not God,s voice. Demons pretend to be God, and bring some of our time to wicked acts, thinking they are justified.

Here, in I John 3:12, we see that Cain, ‘slew his brother’. He likely felt justified for that, and saw Abel as having wronged him. The reason one can get into that condition, is that ‘his own works were evil’. The works of Cain, are not listed, but murder was not his first sin. Today, we find abusers of Christians to have first been filled with lustful, greedy, selfish, and jealous sins. Those works lead to more evil, as it led here to murder.

Hebrews 11:4

"By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts, and by it he being dead, yet speaks."

Abel had a faith that Cain no longer had. Cain had begun acting not out of faith but out of greed, jealousy, and lack of love. God witnesses and illustrates His love and acceptance of our sacrifices for Him. Cain saw that illustration. The testimony of how faith leads to acceptance by God, and sin leads to rejection by God, is an illustration of God that even though Abel and Cain are dead, yet speaks.

Cain was cursed, and a mark was given to him as a sign.

Genesis 4:15

"The Lord said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him seven-fold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him."

Many have in the past speculated upon what this mark put upon Cain was. It is from the Hebrew word - "owth" which means "a sign, a token". Some who have racial prejudice, have suggested foolishly,

that the mark was black skin. This is not only ridiculous, but impossible, for if that were true, there would be no black people in the world today, for the flood of Noah's day killed all of Cain's descendants. The mark was simply some sign to remind people not to kill Cain.

 

Abel was God's first prophet of this creation. Abel was a prophet that most today would forget to list in the record of prophets, yet it was Abel who gave Cain a message of warning against sin:

Luke 11:49-51

"I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute... the blood of the prophets... shall be required of this generation, from the blood of Abel."

We distinguish man religions, but God distinguishes only two. There is first a worthless religion of trusting works for salvation. There is secondly the salvation of grace.

Any religion that teaches that mankind earns, merits, or can do something to qualify for salvation is in error. Satan deceived Cain into thinking that a sacrifice of fruits of his own growing were satisfactory. Abel brought a lamb, a blood sacrifice, that pre-figured the true Lamb of God, Jesus Christ. It is not works that save us, it is trusting in the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.. to take our death for us. There are some today who errantly believe that in the Old Testament it was ‘works’ and ‘sacrifices’ that saved, but in reality, it has always been by grace. The sacrifices of the Old Testament were a figure and a type to ‘cover’ sins, till the sacrifice of the Lamb of God, i.e. Jesus, was finished for the atonement of all sins of all ages.

Abel was the first shepherd, and he was slain for his righteousness. Jesus is our "Good Shepherd", and He too was slain for His righteousness.

John 10:11

"I am the good shepherd, the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep."

The messages of Abel to Cain, must have stung. Cain had revelation given him, as shown by the fact that Abel is called a prophet. Prophets yet today, are persecuted and sometimes slain. The hatred against them, is greater than the hatred of sinners outside the church.

God uses Cain and Abel to illustrate the doctrine of justification by faith, rather than works. Salvation is all grace, and excludes all human efforts. Just as in the first lesson after the fall of Adam and Eve, God taught that the coverings made by Adam and Eve did not atone and cover sin. God rejected their aprons of fig leaves. God had to provide the covering for Adam and Eve. Blood had to be shed, and this provided a picture of what the sacrifice of Jesus would do. This showed us that human works have no part in redemption.

The sacrifices of Cain and Abel show a two fold division of man. We distinguish many religions, but God distinguishes only two. There is first - a worthless religion of trusting works for salvation. There is secondly - the salvation of grace. Any religion that teaches that mankind earns, merits, or does something to qualify for salvation is in error. Satan deceived Cain into thinking that a sacrifice of fruits of his own growing were satisfactory. Abel brought a lamb, a blood sacrifice, that pre-figured the true Lamb of God, Jesus Christ. It is not works that save us, it is trusting in the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ, to take our death for us.

Abel's blood crying is a prototype of all the suffering inflicted through the ages by the serpent's seed. The devil and his cohorts have hurt many, many others as we have seen in our time. Often, the hurt comes from "the brethren." The "serpent's seed" is often "brethren." The church people hurt church people. Hypocrites, spiritual abusers, and troublemakers abound in churches.

The religious people were responsible for the crucifixion of Jesus, and there have been many more attacks within religious circles. Abel was the first shepherd, and he was slain for his righteousness. Jesus is our "good shepherd", and He too was slain for His righteousness.

John 10:11

"I am the good shepherd, the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep."

The devil deceived Cain into thinking that good works could save. Many still today will list all the good things they feel they have done. God is not impressed with their lists. The devil then brought divisive jealousy between the two brothers. The devil likes to get people, as Cain, to think that they have a little to do with their own salvation, and their holiness, etc. Paul thought his good works could save him. The Pharisees thought their regimen to the minute parts of law and tradition made them superior to others of their day. And in churches today, we find many who are deceived by the same devil to think that they deserve honored positions in the church, that they are in charge, and that others are weak, and need their guidance.

When such deception is not encouraged, or is denied by the saints of the church to these the devil has deceived, they strike out against the "Abel's" of the day. Pride, jealousy, envy, anger, mistrust, judgmentalism, etc. pervade some congregations of the day.

Abel offered a lamb upon the altar, he was not there to brag of his good works, of his accomplishments, or to seek acclaim of others. Rather, he sought to obey the Lord's instructions, and remembered that he was not worthy. The lamb provided a substitute death, and blood to cover his failures. This type of humble faith in the atonement of another for us, is what the Lord seeks within the church today.

Abel also provided a picture of Christ -- Who would be rejected of His brethren, and slain by His brethren because of His righteousness.


THE LAND OF ‘NOD’

Cain went to the land of "Nod" (Genesis 4:16). The word "Nod" means "wandering." Nod is supposed by some to be ancient Tartary. This is the area of eastern Europe and western Asia. Some say it was the land of China. Because of sin, Cain became a fugitive. Sin makes all of us fugitives, and vagabonds.

As the blood of Abel cried out against Cain's deed, the children of

Israel asked for the blood of Jesus to be upon them and their descendants.

Matthew 27:25

"Then answered all the people, and said: His blood be on us, and on our children."

Cain became a person wandering in the land of wandering (Nod means "wandering"). He stayed a fugitive and a wanderer all his life. Israel also has been like a fugitive and a wanderer.

Leviticus 26:33

"I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate and your cities waste."

For the past 2000 years, the nation of Israel has been cut off by the Lord. The Promised land was for many centuries vacant of God's people. Yet, the Lord has been protecting the people of Israel, keeping a remnant alive to be restored in these last days. Cain was also a recipient of God's special protection.

Genesis 4:14

"I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth, and it shall come to pass that everyone that finds me shall slay me. And the Lord said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him."

Cain knew he would be hated, and likewise, Israel has been hated by many. Grace, unmerited favor, from the Lord protected Cain, and likewise -- the Lord has protected the people who crucified His Son. This is totally unmerited favor.

Ephesians 2:8-10

"For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of ourselves;

it is the gift of God; Not of works, lest any man should boast. For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them."

In vs. 34 , we read: "And Cain knew his wife."


Who was Cain's
wife?

Adam and Eve had begotten many children.

Genesis 5:4

"And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were 800 years, and he begat sons and daughters."

Eve was the "mother of all living" (Genesis 3:20, Jasher 1:5), and she had to be the mother of Cain's wife. Therefore Cain married his sister. It was later that marrying a close relative was forbidden (Leviticus 18). Cain was over 100 years old when he went to the land of Nod. The children of Adam and Eve could have had children, and their children's children could have given birth to another generation. The earth was being "replenished.


DESCENDANTS OF CAIN

 

ENOCH (first city named after him)

IRAD

MEHUJAEL

METHUSAEL

LAMECH (the second murderer)

JABAL (the first tent-dweller)

JUBAL (first musician (harp and organ)

TUBAL-CAIN (first of smiths, a worker with brass and iron)

 

DESCENDANTS OF ADAM THROUGH SETH

 

ADAM (930 years)

SETH (912 years)

ENOS (905 years)

CAINAN (910 years)

MAHALALEEL (895 years)

JARED (962 years)

ENOCH (365 plus) Adam lived until the 308th year of Enoch.

METHUSELAH (969 years)

LAMECH (777 years)

NOAH (950 years)

SHEM, HAM, AND JAPHETH

 


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murjahel
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