LESSON 78 JASHER CH 76
ADIKAM BECOMES THE PHARAOH
1. And Moses, the son of Amram, was still king in the land of Cush in those days, and he prospered in his kingdom, and he conducted the government of the children of Cush in justice, in righteousness, and integrity.
2. And all the children of Cush loved Moses all the days that he reigned over them, and all the inhabitants of the land of cush were greatly afraid of him.
3. And in the fortieth year of the reign of Moses over Cush, Moses was sitting on the royal throne whilst Adoniah the queen was before him, and all the nobles were sitting around him.
4. And Adoniah, the queen, said before the king and the princes, What is this thing which you, the children of Cush, have done for this long time?
5. Surely you know that for forty years that this man has reigned over Cush he has not approached me, nor has he served the gods of the children of Cush.
6. Now therefore hear, O ye children of Cush, and let this man no more reign over you as he is not of our flesh.
7. Behold Menacrus, my son, is grown up, let him reign over you, for it is better for you to serve the son of your lord, than to serve a stranger, a slave of the king of Egypt.
8. And all the people and nobles of the children of cush heard the words which Adoniah the queen had spoken in their ears.
9. And all the people were preparing until the evening, and in the morning they rose up early and made Menacrus, son of Kikianus, king over them.
10. And all the children of Cush were afraid to stretch forth their hand against Moses, for the Lord was with Moses, and the children of Cush remembered the oath which they swore unto Moses, therefore they did no harm to him.
11. But the children of Cush gave many presents to Moses, and sent him from them with great honor.
12. So Moses went forth from the land of Cush, and went home and ceased to reign over Cush, and Moses was sixty-six years old when he went out of the land of Cush, for the thing was from the Lord, for the period had arrived which he had appointed in the days of old, to bring forth Israel from the affliction of the children of Ham.
13. So Moses went to Midian, for he was afraid to return to Egypt on account of Pharaoh, and he went and sat at a well of water in Midian.
14. And the seven daughters of Reuel the Midianite went out to feed their father's flock.
15. And they came to the well and drew water to water their father's flock.
16. So the shepherds of Midian came and drove them away, and Moses rose up and helped them and watered the flock.
17. And they came home to their father Reuel, and told him what Moses did for them.
18. And they said, An Egyptian man has delivered us from the hands of the shepherds, he drew up water for us and watered the flock.
19. And Reuel said to his daughters, And where is he? Wherefore have you left the man?
20. And Reuel sent for him and fetched him and brought him home, and he ate bread with him.
21. And Moses related to Reuel that he had fled from Egypt and that he reigned forty years over Cush, and that they afterward had taken the government from him, and had sent him away in peace with honor and with presents.
22. And when Reuel had heard the words of Moses, Reuel said within himself, I will put this man into the prison house, whereby I shall conciliate the children of Cush, for he has fled from them.
23. And they took and put him into the prison house, and Moses was in prison ten years, and whilst Moses was in the prison house, Zipporah the daughter of Reuel took pity over him, and supported him with bread and water all the time.
24. And all the children of Israel were yet in the land of Egypt serving the Egyptians in all manner of hard work, and the hand of Egypt continued in severity over the children of Israel in those days.
25. At that time the Lord smote Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he afflicted him with the plague of leprosy from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head; owing to the cruel treatment of the children of Israel was this plague at that time from the Lord upon Pharaoh king of Egypt.
26. For the Lord had hearkened to the prayer of his people the children of Israel, and their cry reached him on account of their hard work.
27. Still his anger did not turn from them, and the hand of Pharaoh was still stretched out against the children of Israel, and Pharaoh hardened his neck before the Lord, and he increased his yoke over the children of Israel, and embittered their lives with all manner of hard work.
28. And when the Lord had inflicted the plague upon Pharaoh king of Egypt, he asked his wise men and sorcerers to cure him.
29. And his wise men and sorcerers said unto him, That if the blood of little children were put into the wounds he would be healed.
30. And Pharaoh hearkened to them, and sent his ministers to Goshen to the children of Israel to take their little children.
31. And Pharaoh's ministers went and took the infants of the children of Israel from the bosoms of their mothers by force, and they brought them to Pharaoh daily, a child each day, and the physicians killed them and applied them to the plague; thus did they all the days.
32. And the number of the children which Pharaoh slew was three hundred and seventy-five.
33. But the Lord hearkened not to the physicians of the king of Egypt, and the plague went on increasing mightily.
34. And Pharaoh was ten years afflicted with that plague, still the heart of Pharaoh was more hardened against the children of Israel.
35. And at the end of ten years the Lord continued to afflict Pharaoh with destructive plagues.
36. And the Lord smote him with a bad tumor and sickness at the stomach, and that plague turned to a severe boil.
37. At that time the two ministers of Pharaoh came from the land of Goshen where all the children of Israel were, and went to the house of Pharaoh and said to him, We have seen the children of Israel slacken in their work and negligent in their labor.
38. And when Pharaoh heard the words of his ministers, his anger was kindled against the children of Israel exceedingly, for he was greatly grieved at his bodily pain.
39. And he answered and said, Now that the children of Israel know that I am ill, they turn and scoff at us, now therefore harness my chariot for me, and I will betake myself to Goshen and will see the scoff of the children of Israel with which they are deriding me; so his servants harnessed the chariot for him.
40. And they took and made him ride upon a horse, for he was not able to ride of himself.
41. And he took with him ten horsemen and ten footmen, and went to the children of Israel to Goshen.
42. And when they had come to the border of Egypt, the king's horse passed into a narrow place, elevated in the hollow part of the vineyard, fenced on both sides, the low, plain country being on the other side.
43. And the horses ran rapidly in that place and pressed each other, and the other horses pressed the king's horse.
44. And the king's horse fell into the low plain whilst the king was riding upon it, and when he fell the chariot turned over the king's face and the horse lay upon the king, and the king cried out, for his flesh was very sore.
45. And the flesh of the king was torn from him, and his bones were broken and he could not ride, for this thing was from the Lord to him, for the Lord had heard the cries of his people the children of Israel and their affliction.
46. And his servants carried him upon their shoulders, a little at a time, and they brought him back to Egypt, and the horsemen who were with him came also back to Egypt.
47. And they placed him in his bed, and the king knew that his end was come to die, so Aparanith the queen his wife came and cried before the king, and the king wept a great weeping with her.
48. And all his nobles and servants came on that day and saw the king in that affliction, and wept a great weeping with him.
49. And the princes of the king and all his counsellors advised the king to cause one to reign in his stead in the land, whomsoever he should choose from his sons.
50. And the king had three sons and two daughters which Aparanith the queen his wife had borne to him, besides the king's children of concubines.
51. And these were their names, the first born Othri, the second Adikam, and the third Morion, and their sisters, the name of the elder Bathia and of the other Acuzi.
52. And Othri, the first born of the king, was an idiot, precipitate and hurried in his words.
53. But Adikam was a cunning and a wise man and knowing in all the wisdom of Egypt, but of unseemly aspect, thick in flesh, and very
short in stature; his height was one cubit.
54. And when the king saw Adikam his son intelligent and wise in all things, the king resolved that he should be king in his stead after his death.
55. And he took for him a wife Gedudah daughter of Abilot, and he was ten years old, and she bare unto him four sons.
56. And he afterward went and took three wives and begat eight sons and three daughters.
57. And the disorder greatly prevailed over the king, and his flesh stank like the flesh of a carcass cast upon the field in summer time, during the heat of the sun.
58. And when the king saw that his sickness had greatly strengthened itself over him, he ordered his son Adikam to be brought to him, and they made him king over the land in his place.
59. And at the end of three years, the king died, in shame, disgrace, and disgust, and his servants carried him and buried him in the sepulchre of the kings of Egypt in Zoan Mizraim.
60. But they embalmed him not as was usual with kings, for his flesh was putrid, and they could not approach to embalm him on account of the stench, so they buried him in haste.
61. For this evil was from the Lord to him, for the Lord had requited him evil for the evil which in his days he had done to Israel.
62. And he died with terror and with shame, and his son Adikam reigned in his place.
God remembered His covenant with His people. He had not forgotten, but this means that He brought into action plans to fulfil His promises of the covenant.
The Lord had heard their cries of despair. Exodus 2:23-25 recordsthat "the children of Israel sighed by reason of the covenant, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God." Then, we see:
"God looked upon..."
"God had respect unto..."
When God seems silent, man supposes that God does not know. Still, God has His own time schedule. God never forgets His promises to us. A covenant is a binding agreement, and when God binds Himself. He is true to His word. Mankind has never been so faithful! God's grace and mercy sustain the covenant. Now in the New Testament, we have a new covenant, and God has bound Himself to us by the covenant of Jesus Christ. God hears our prayers, and remembers His covenant always. Because God remembers His covenant, He calls Moses. His intended deliverer. Moses is drawn near to a bush that is burning, but is not consumed. This seems very strange to Moses. Then from that bush comes an audible voice, and God speaks personally to Moses.
God was not just going to speak about the problem to Moses. He was about to give very personal attention to the situation.
"I have surely seen the affliction...and have heard their cry... for I know their sorrows... And I have come down to deliver... to bring them up out of that land... I have also seen the oppression... I will send thee... I will be with thee... I have sent thee."
We are not forgotten in this new covenant. Our Lord has promised - "I am with you always, even to the end of the age." (Matt. 28:20) This is the same truth taught to Moses here with revelation of His name. Moses asks a name to tell the people with Whom he spoke. He is told: 'I AM THAT I AM'! (Ex. 3:14). The name JEHOVAH means "I am, I was, I will be." It is therefore an indicator of the eternal nature of God. God is the present, past, and future, and ever present God, as Jesus is our ever-present Savior.
Moses put feet to his faith and returned to Egypt. He accepted God's commission, and went to Egypt with the "rod of God" in his hand (Exodus 4:20).
"And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord, 'Israel is My son, even My firstborn, and I say unto thee, Let My son go, that he may serve Me; and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn."
Israel (the new name of Jacob) was not "the firstborn", but Esau was. Yet, God has given Israel the firstborn blessing. The "firstborn son" was the most cherished of children. He was the principal heir. He carried on family tradition, the family name, and cared for the family possessions. Calling Israel the firstborn is God reminding Moses of the covenant with Israel.
A man of covenant is required to keep the terms of the covenant. In Genesis 17:9-14, circumcision is made the sign of the Abrahamic covenant. The uncircumcised male is to be cut off from the people of the covenant. Moses could not return to Egypt and speak of God's covenant with an uncircumcised son. God sought to kill Moses (Exodus 4:24). This was God's way of showing Moses the importance of him keeping his side of the covenant. Zipporah saw that the Lord was about to kill Moses, and she circumcised her son. A covenant breaker cannot teach others to be covenant-keepers.
The Lord had warned Moses that there would be resistance from Pharaoh... and there is immediately. Pharaoh replies "Who is the Lord, that I should heed His voice?" He did not know this God of whom Moses spake, and the Pharaoh angrily made the work harder for the Israelites (Exodus 5:1-23). He made the Israelites collect their own straw, made the work harder, and beat the foremen who did not produce as before the harder conditions. The request to go three days to worship God was considered dishonest and an excuse for idleness.
The foremen became angry at Moses. They claimed that Moses had made the Egyptians angrier and more likely to kill them. Often Christians today will doubt something to be God's will because of backlash and resistance from the world. The congregations of today often falsely accuse the ministers of mistreatment because of the messages they deliver that are actually from God. Opposition does not mean that God is absent, or that His messengers are in error concerning God's directions.
Moses prays a prayer of complaint to God, confused, urgent, and certainly not flowery. (Exodus 5:22-23). God says that He will act. Moses message to Pharaoh was a warning, and God knew that Pharaoh would refuse. So God allowed him to harden himself, and now God would fulfill the threats to this stubborn, evil Pharaoh.
God is a God of action. He is constantly involved, and acting to carry out His will. The Lord keeps pushing. The Lord does not allow us to hide, while confused, abused, and threatened. We must stand up, and do the will of God.
"And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, go in, speak unto Pharaoh, king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of the land. And Moses spake before the Lord, saying, Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me, how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips? And the Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh, king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt."
The Israelites did not respond to Moses' promises of God's deliverance. Pharaoh increased the labor of the Hebrew slaves. God told Moses to go and try again. Moses balked, and the bitter words of the foremen made Moses want to forget the whole thing. Moses had natural reasons to fear another try.
Moses said that he had "uncircumcised" lips. In other words, he was not eloquent. He could not persuade with eloquence and cunningly designed arguments. God reiterates His orders. God does not need us to eloquently and cunningly persuade. He only needs us to obey His voice.
It was evil for the Egyptians to take the descendants of the one (Joseph) who had saved Egypt from famine, and make them to be slaves. God therefore has a plan... He allows Pharaoh to harden his heart, step by step, and to by the plagues to be sent to bring a judgment upon Egypt.
"But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay My hand upon Egypt, and bring forth Mine armies, and My people, the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments."
THE ROD OF GOD
This rod mentioned in the Bible many times is called "the rod of God." The traditional idea of a rod is a piece of a tree limb used for support or as a weapon. It became a symbol of authority. The reason this rod was a symbol of authority, and the reason it is called "the rod of God" is because its origin is not simply a branch Moses used to aid his support. Its origin is from God, and the book of Jasher tells us the needed details to understand why it became the symbol of authority to Moses, and to all the Hebrew people.
According to Jasher 77:39-51 , it was a "sapphire stick" that had the name of the Lord God of Hosts written upon it. It is the same scepter which God held as He created the earth and the universe.
It was given to Adam to till the ground after his expulsion from the garden, and represented the authority and dominion over the earth given to Adam.
It was passed down to Noah, to Shem, to Abraham, to Isaac, to Jacob (including a physical struggle with Esau over it), and then Jacob took it to Egypt to give to Joseph.
Following the death of Joseph, the wise men of Egypt kept it, and it came into the hand of Reuel (Jethro) before his rapid flight from Egypt. Jethro had placed it within his garden, and it became impossible for anyone to remove it from the place wherein it was planted. Jethro knew that the rightful person to possess it was the only one who could remove it from its place.
Reuel (Jethro) challenged men to remove it, and offered his daughter in marriage to the one who could. Moses simply walked over to it, read God's name, and removed it.
Jethro hurried to offer Zipporah to Moses in marriage, to ingratiate himself quickly to this man who had been imprisoned by Jethro for ten years.
This is how Moses came into possession of the "rod of God." With this rod:
was brought hail and lightning (Exodus 9:23), locusts (Exodus 10:13), a rock was smitten and water came forth (Exodus 17:5-7, Numbers 20), it was changed into a serpent (snake), and later into a sea serpent. It was held over the waters and the waters parted. etc.
When God called Moses, He asked Moses, "What is in thine hand?" Moses answered, "A rod." Then God told Moses, "Thou shalt take this rod in thine hand wherewith thou shalt do signs..." (Exodus 4:2-17)
It represented the great power of God that God bestows as a gift upon us. We have been promised to be able to do greater works than Christ did when He walked this earth, because of an enduement of Power from on high, that we would be given. The Holy Spirit was shown in type by this "rod of God." As a gift to the men of God in the Old Testament, this rod was thrown down, when the situation required a miracle. We too can call on the Holy Spirit when the situation calls for a miracle, a gift of the Spirit is always available to God's chosen people, the church.
Moses was about to face the great struggle to free God's people from Egypt. He needed the power of God to help him.
We are now engaged in the struggle against the devil to free the saints from this earth via the rapture, and we are struggling against the sin, and the demonic cohorts of the devil who try to ensnare sinners so they cannot escape with we, the redeemed. The Holy Spirit, His power, His miraculous workings are needed by us, especially in these last days.
"Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. (Psalms 23:4). The Holy Spirit is called the "Comforter."