GOD's ARMY, CONTENDING for the FAITH
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murjahel

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Lesson 8

NOAH & THE FLOOD

part 2

JASHER 5

1. And it was in the eighty-fourth year of the life of Noah, that Enos, the son of Seth died; and he was nine hundred and five years old at his death.

2. And in the one hundred and seventy ninth year of the life of Noah, Cainan, the son of Enos died, and all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and he died.

3. And in the two hundred and thirty fourth year of the life of Noah, Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan died, and the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred and ninety-five years, and he died.

4. And Jared, the son of Mahalaleel died in those days, in the three hundred and thirty-sixth year of the life of Noah; and all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty two years, and he died.

5. And all who followed the Lord died in those days, before they saw the evil which the Lord declared to do upon the earth.

6. And after the lapse of many years, in the four hundred and eightieth year of the life of Noah, when all those men, who followed the Lord had died away from amongst the sons of men, and only Methuselah was then left, God said unto Noah and Methuselah, saying,

7. Speak ye, and proclaim to the sons of men, saying, Thus saith the Lord, return from your evil ways and forsake your works, and the Lord will repent of the evil that he declared to do to you, so that it shall not come to pass.

8. For thus saith the Lord, Behold, I give you a period of one hundred and twenty years; if you will turn to me and forsake your evil ways, then will I also turn away form the evil which I told you, and it shall not exist, saith the Lord.

9. And Noah and Methuselah spoke all the words of the Lord to the sons of men, day after day, constantly speaking to them.

10. But the sons of men would not hearken to them, nor incline their ears to their words, and they were stiffnecked.

11. And the Lord granted them a period of one hundred and twenty years, saying, If they will return, then will God repent of the evil, so as not to destroy the earth.

12. And Noah the son of Lamech refrained from taking a wife in those days, to beget children, for he said, Surely now God will destroy the earth, wherefore then shall I beget children?

13. And Noah was a just man, he was perfect in his generation, and the Lord chose him to raise up seed from his seed upon the face of the earth.

14. And the Lord said unto Noah, Take unto thee a wife, and beget children, for I have seen thee righteous before me in this generation.

15. And thou shalt raise up seed, and thy children with thee, in the midst of the earth; and Noah went and took a wife, and he chose Naamah, the daughter of Enoch, and she was five hundred and eighty years old.

16. And Noah was four hundred and ninety eight years old, when he took Naamah for a wife.

17. And Naamah conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Japheth, saying,God has enlarged me in the earth; and she conceived again, and bare a son, and he called his name Shem, saying, God has made me a remnant, to raise up seed in the midst of the earth.

18. And Noah was five hundred and two years old when Naamah bare Shem, and the boys grew up, and went in the ways of the Lord, in all that Methuselah and Noah their father taught them.

19. And Lamech the father of Noah, died in those days; yet verily he did not go with all his heart in the ways of his father, and he died in the hundred and ninety-fifth year of the life of Noah.

20. And all the years of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy years, and he died.

21. And all the sons of men who knew the Lord, died in that year before the Lord brought evil upon them; for the Lord willed them to die, so as not to behold the evil that God would bring upon their brothers and relatives, as he has so declared to do.

22. In that time, the Lord said to Noah and Methuselah, Stand forth and proclaim to the sons of men all the words that I spoke to you in those days, peradventure, they may turn from their evil ways, and I will then repent of the evil and will not bring it.

23. And Noah and Methuselah stood forth, and said in the ears of the sons of men, all that God had spoken concerning them.

24. But the sons of men would not hearken, neither would they incline their ears to all their declarations.

25. And it was after this that the Lord said to Noah, The end of all flesh is come before Me, on account of their evil deeds, and behold I will destroy the earth.

26. And do thou take unto thee gopher wood, and go to a certain place and make a large ark, and place it in that spot.

27. And thus shalt thou make it; three hundred cubits in length, fifty cubits broad, and thirty cubits high.

28. And thou shalt make unto thee a door, open at its side, and to a cubit thou shalt finish above, and cover it within and without with pitch.

29. And behold I will bring the flood of waters upon the earth, and all flesh be destroyed, from under the heavens all that is upon earth shall perish.

30. And thou and thy household shall go and gather two couple of all living things, male and female, and shall bring them to the ark, to raise up seed from upon the earth.

31. And gather unto thee all food that is eaten by all the animals, that there may be food for thee and for them.

32. And thou shalt choose for thy sons three maidens, from the daughters of men, and they shall be wives to thy sons.

33. And Noah rose up, and he made the ark, in the place where God had commanded him, and Noah did as God had ordered him.

34. In his five hundred and ninety-fifth year, Noah commenced to make the ark, and he made the ark in five years, as the Lord had commanded.

35. Then Noah took the three daughters of Eliakim, son of Methuselah, for wives for his sons, as the Lord had commanded Noah.

36. And it was at that time Methuselah, the son of Enoch, died, nine hundred and sixty years was he, at his death.

 

 

If we start with year 0 being the year of the creation of Adam, and figure events, births, and deaths from that point, we come up with dates that we will term - A.C.A. (after creation of Adam).

                                      year of birth                      year of death

Adam                                        0                                  930

Seth                                        130                              1042

Enos                                        235                              1140

Cainan                                     325                              1235

Mahalaleel                               395                               1290

Jared                                       460                               1422

Enoch                                      622                     did not die (raptured 987)

Methuselah                              687                                1656

Lamech                                   874                                1651

Noah                                      1056                               2006

The flood occurred in 1656 A.C.A.  

God planned the flood of Noah's day. God also planned the ark. It is a picture of salvation, salvation from the judgment of sin. Just as there was no other way for mankind to be saved from that judgment, neither is there any other way than Jesus for mankind to be saved from sin's judgment today.



Did it take 120 years for Noah to build the ark?

No, the Book of Jasher tells us that it took five years.

Jasher 5:

33. And Noah rose up, and he made the ark, in the place where God had commanded him, and Noah did as God had ordered him.

34. In his five hundred and ninety-fifth year, Noah commenced to make the ark, and he made the ark in five years, as the Lord had commanded.

Then why do we hear so often, that it took Noah 120 years to build the ark? It is due to a misinterpretation of Genesis 6:3

Genesis 6:1-6 (KJV)

1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,

2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.

It does not say there that Noah was working on the ark for the 120 years, but from the time that God announced that there would be a judgment, the timing until it occurred would be 120 years. Yet, Noah did not start to work on the ark until later, after that prophetic announcement.

Jasher 5:

8. For thus saith the Lord, Behold, I give you a period of one hundred and twenty years; if you will turn to me and forsake your evil ways, then will I also turn away form the evil which I told you, and it shall not exist, saith the Lord.

9. And Noah and Methuselah spoke all the words of the Lord to the sons of men, day after day, constantly speaking to them.

10. But the sons of men would not hearken to them, nor incline their ears to their words, and they were stiff necked.

11. And the Lord granted them a period of one hundred and twenty years, saying, If they will return, then will God repent of the evil, so as not to destroy the earth.

Scholars have debated for centuries over whether it took Noah the 120 years to build the ark, or whether it was 120 year notice of a flood to come that Noah and Methuselah were preaching the message of judgment to come. Jasher is useful here to add enough detail to clarify the answer.

There was one door to the ark.

Jasher 5:28

28. And thou shalt make unto thee a door, open at its side, and to a cubit thou shalt finish above, and cover it within and without with pitch.

Genesis 6:16 (KJV)

16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.

In typology, this illustrated the fact that there is one way of salvation.

John 14:6

"Jesus saith unto him, I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life, no man cometh to the Father, but by Me."

Acts 4:12

"Neither is there salvation in any other, for there is none other name under heaven, given among men, whereby we must be saved."

Hebrews 11:7

"By faith Noah being warned of God, moved by fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house, by the which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith."

Noah was saved by his obedience.

Genesis 6:22

"Thus did Noah, according to all that God commanded him, so did he."

Jasher 5:

33. And Noah rose up, and he made the ark, in the place where God had commanded him, and Noah did as God had ordered him.

 

"gopher wood" (Jasher 5:26)

This was cypress wood. It was light, durable, and used by Phoenicians in the building of their ships.

The size of the ark = 300 cubits long x 50 cubits wide x 30 cubits high. Nothing is said of its shape, so it may have been simply box-like.

How long was a cubit?
Babylonian - royal cubit 19.8 inches
Egyptians - longer cubit = 20.65 inches, - shorter cubit = 17.6 inches
Hebrews - longer cubit = 20.4 inches,- common cubit = 18 inches

If the shorter cubit of the Hebrew measurement was used, then the ark was 450 feet long, 75 feet wide, and 45 feet high.


ENOCH, THE FIRST PROPHET OF THE FLOOD

 

Enoch was a prophet, and he will someday return, still alive, to finish his prophetic work, as one of the two witnesses of the tribulation period. Enoch knew of the second coming of Jesus, even as the seventh generation from Adam (Jude 14). Yet, he also knew of the flood. He had revelation from God, because he named his son Methuselah, meaning "when he is dead it (the flood) shall come."

Even in Enoch's day, God’s foreknowledge was aware that mankind would someday be nearly destroyed by a flood. Methuselah, in Hebrew meaning "when he is dead it [the deluged shall be sent" shows that Enoch 969 years before the flood knew of the flood to come.

Jasher 5:

36. And it was at that time Methuselah, the son of Enoch, died, nine hundred and sixty years was he, at his death.

 

SOURCES OF WATERS OF THE FLOOD OF NOAH'S DAY

1. Waters from under the surface of the earth (Genesis 7:11)

2. Waters from the vapor canopy that covered the earth. This area is now called the thermosphere. The temperatures in this area of the atmosphere range from 100 to 3000 degrees Fahrenheit. These high temperatures are enough to retain large quantities of water vapor. This vapor canopy provided the earth with a greenhouse effect for the early years after the creation of Adam... The climate of the earth would have been much warmer, and even the arctic regions would have been moderate climate. this water in the thermosphere is the water that were "above the firmament" mentioned in Genesis 1:7.

If all the water vapor in the atmosphere now fell to earth at one time, the earth would be flooded to a depth of 2 inches. Yet, there was more than that in the atmosphere in that day. The rest of the waters of the flood went back down into the earth, and much is now frozen in the arctic regions. The "fountains of the deep" (Genesis 8:2) had sent forth their waters for a time, and were stopped up, to prevent temporarily the waters from re-entering the "deep".

 

CHRONOLOGICAL FACTS OF THE FLOOD

Rain fell for 40 days.

The waters prevailed in all, 150 days (Genesis 7:24)

Waters occupied 74 days ("going and coming" form the 17th day of 7th month, to the 1st day of the 10 month) (Gen. 8:5)

40 days later, Noah sent out a raven (Genesis 8:6-7)

7 days later Noah sent out the dove for the first time (Gen. 8:8,10)

7 days later, the dove was sent out a second time (Gen. 8:10)

7 days more passed and the dove was sent a third time (Gen. 8:12)

Thus 285 days are accounted for. From Gen. 7:11 to 8:13 is a period of 314 days. And interval of 29 days lapses. From the removal of the covering of the ark, to the end and leaving of the ark was another 57 days (Gen. 8:14), 371 days in all.

They were in the ark one year and eleven days.

 

EXTENT OF THE FLOOD

The flood was world-wide. These are the reasons:

 

1. Expressions of its universality occur more than 30 times in Genesis 6-9.

2. The purpose of the flood was to destroy mankind from the face of the earth. (Gen. 6:7)

3. Another purpose was to destroy all animal life on dry land. (Gen. 6:17, 7:22)

4. The flood was to "destroy the earth." (Gen. 6:13)

5. Waters covered all the mountains.(Gen. 7:19-20)

6. The flood was caused by 40 days and 40 nights of rain, the bursting of great clefts of the crust of the earth, the releasing of fountains of the deep. (Gen. 7:11-8:2)

7. The flood lasted over a year. (Gen. 7:11, 8:13)

8. The ark was constructed for the purpose of keeping seed alive on the earth. In less than five years they could have traveled to a safer place, if the flood were not world-wide.

9. God promised to never send another such flood, and if it were only a local flood, God has broken such promise. (Genesis 8:21, 9:1-13)

10. All animals on earth now, are descendants of those on the ark, and all of mankind on the earth now are descendants of those on the ark. (Gen. 8:17 19, 9:10,6:1, 19)

11. Later Biblical writers accepted the universal flood.

Isaiah 54:9 (KJV)

For this is as the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.

Hebrews 11:7 (KJV)

By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.

12. From Jasher, we find confirmation of the Bible’s account, that the whole earth was destroyed by a world wide flood.

Jasher 4:

7. And still the sons of men did not turn from their evil ways, and their hands were still extended to do evil in the sight of God, and they provoked the Lord with their evil ways, and the Lord was very wroth, and repented that He had made man.

8. And He thought to destroy and annihilate them, and He did so.

19. And the Lord said, I will blot out man that I created from the face of the earth, yea from man to the birds of the air, together with cattle and beasts that are in the field for I repent that I made them.

20. And all men who walked in the ways of the Lord, died in those days, before the Lord brought the evil upon man which he had declared, for this was from the Lord, that they should not see the evil which the Lord spoke of concerning the sons of men.

Jasher 5:

11. And the Lordgranted them a period of one hundred and twenty years, saying, If they will return, then will God repent of the evil, so as not to destroy the earth.

25. And it was after this that the Lord said to Noah, The end of all flesh is come before Me, on account of their evil deeds, and behold I will destroy the earth.

29. And behold I will bring the flood of waters upon the earth, and all flesh be destroyed, from under the heavens all that is upon earth shall perish.


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murjahel
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