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There is a popular song, singing ?Mary, did you know that your baby Boy...? The question is made that perhaps she did not realize that her Son was the coming Messiah, the Savior of the world.  Well, did she know?

Of course she knew! The evidence is obvious and overwhelming.  Even Joseph knew that this child was heaven sent, and Mary, as still a virgin was
bearing the Messiah.

Mary was about 12 years old when betrothed to marry Joseph.  Joseph was likely about 40 years old.  Joseph was the earthly father of Jesus, had the legal right to the throne of David. Matthew  goes back to Abraham to show that Jesus was not just of Judah, but of the same lineage as all of Israel.

An angel appeared unto Joseph before the legal marriage, knowing she was with child, yet trusting the word of Mary and the angel that this virgin bride was the one chosen to bring into this sinful world, the Messiah. With the revelation of the identity of the unborn child, Joseph ceased from brooding doubts. Then, Joseph was told the name "Jesus", would be this child’s  name  a name all of Judah wanted to give their sons.

The Old Testament had foretold of a Son born of a virgin... and so Joseph hesitated no more and took Mary into his house to assure Jesus the legitimate claim to be Joseph's heir.

Mary, also knew that her son was the long ago prophesied Savior that one of the family of David would come, being the King of kings.

The annunciation by the angels to Mary and to Joseph at Nazareth, proves she did know Who this child is.  

Luke 1:26-38
"...Hail, thou who art highly favored, the Lord is with thee, blessed art thou among women... Fear not, for thou hast found favor with God."

After learning from the angel of her blessed CHILD being placed in her womb. Mary departs to "hill country"  "with haste"  "into a city of Judah" to see Elizabeth, her aunt. There Elizabeth confirms that his Child is the promised Savior.  Elisabeth knew, Joseph knew, Mry knew, and more, as we shall see. 

Elisabeth’s confirmation to Mary was:
Luke 1:39-55
"(vs. 42) Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the Fruit of thy womb."

Later, in Bethlehem, more confirmation was given Mary:
Luke 2:8-20
"And there were in the same country, shepherds abiding in the field... And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger."
The Levite shepherds told of the  angelic chorus that they had witnessed and these same shepherds became the first preachers.  Mary pondered these sayings of the shepherds for many years.

Mary was "highly favored". She was fully aware Who Jesus is.  The Son she was to bear– was to be called "the Son of the Most High" (Luke 1:32), be given the "throne of David", eternally reign (Luke 1:32-33, Isa. 9:6-7), be holy from the womb (Luke 1:35), have the name "Jesus" (Luke 1:31), and be sinless.
Mary accepted all these truths in humility:

Luke 1:38
"And Mary said, Behold, the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word."  

Mary's character was one to be greatly admired. She had a quietness of spirit, a meditative, inwardness of disposition, self-control, and she was very devout. She was honored and favored of God for such character. Mary continued to have such disposition and character, because she knew that she was raising the Messiah.

Why do we not hear more sermons on Mary?  Why is what I am sharing here reason to wonder how could some write and sing ‘Mary, did you know?”

There are some false doctrines in some denominations that have made protestant ministers to barely mention the name of Mary.

Some have incorrectly taught that Mary was sinless.  This is not Scriptural, for "all have sinned." 

Some have errantly taught that Mary was a perpetual virgin. This cannot be true, for the Bible speaks of the "brethren of the Lord". Mary had five sons (Jesus, the Son of God, and James, Joses, Simon, and Jude, the sons of Joseph).  Mary also had three daughters, three half sisters of Jesus ("are not His sisters here with us" Mark 13:55-56, Mark 6:3). Jesus was called Mary's "firstborn" (Matthew 1:25, Luke 2:7). The terminology "only begotten" is used only of Jesus to the Father (John 1:14, 18,  3:16, 18, I John 4:9). The O.T. prophecies say Jesus was to have siblings (Psalms 69:8-9, "I am become a stranger unto My brethren, and an alien unto My mother's children"). The brother's of Jesus did not believe on Him until after the resurrection (John 7:3-10, Acts 1:14).

Some have incorrectly taught that Mary was glorified and ascended into heaven as had Jesus. This is not true, not recorded  in Scripture, nor in early church history, but was added into Roman Catholic history hundreds of years later. The grave of Mary is found in Ephesus.

Some have taught falsely the perpetual subordination of Jesus to Mary. Jesus accepted subordination to Mary, only as it applied to His earthly life. Even at age 12, He showed His
Own decisive sovereignty, as He remained behind to begin His Father's work.
Some have wrongly taught that Mary is an intercessor and mediator of mankind to Jesus. There is only 'One Mediator between God and man, Christ Jesus', and Mary has the same intercessory ministry as all other saints of God, no more, no less.
These kind of false ideas have kept many from talking much about Mary, but we do talk of Paul, Peter, etc.  Too much, due to those errant ideas some fear glorifying her to some kind of divinity.

For forty days, Mary could not come into the temple proper area, but after 7 days, on the eighth day, the male child would be circumcised. (Leviticus 12:1-4). After the circumcision,  as Joseph, Mary, and baby Jesus were traveling back to Bethlehem, the wise men followed the light in the sky. In Bethlehem, the wise men worshiped this new born King of Kings. The gold, frankincense, and myrrh financed the flight to Egypt to keep Jesus safe from Herod. They then fled to hide in Egypt. The flight to Egypt, right after the departure of the Magi was the plan of God, to hide the new born King from the slaughter of 14,000 babies back in Judah. The wise men confirmed to Mary that Jesus is the afore promised Messiah and Savior.

Herod died in less than a month of the flight of Joseph and the family from Bethlehem. Mary was still a virgin, and technically should not have needed to  sojourn for purification for 40 days. On the ninth day after the birth, following the visit of the wise men, Joseph, Mary and the babe had fled to Egypt. On the 40th day, Joseph came back to Jerusalem with Mary and the babe, and likely the death of Herod had already taken place. There in the Temple, on the 40th day, a pair of turtle doves offered as part of her purification, and five shekels were offered by Joseph, making Joseph the legal father (Numbers 18:15-16).

Jewish law required that on the eighth day the newborn male was to be circumcised and receive His name (Luke 1:59-63). Then on the 40th day, the purifying of Mary, via the sacrifice of two turtle doves, 5 shekels of silver to be given. The two turtle doves, one for burnt offering, one for a sin offering were offered. While in Jerusalem for this sacrifice, another confirmation was given to Mary.  Simeon prophesied that this child was born "for the falling and the rising of many... sword should pierce through Mary's own soul" (Luke 2:34-35). Anna also blessed Jesus, corroborating the truth of the others.

By the 12th year of Jesus, Jesus had grown, learned, and become very wise:

Luke 2:40-52
"Jesus grew and waxed strong, filled with wisdom and grace of God was upon Him... advanced in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man..."

At 12, Jesus "tarried behind" (Luke 2:43)   and was lost for three days. The parents had gone a day's journey, and had rushed back (perhaps a half day to return). Therefore, they were looking for Jesus for one and half days. Imagine the deep distress of Mary and Joseph, and the stress of watching out for the 7 younger siblings of Jesus. The rabbis went to certain rooms within the Temple to teach, and Jesus was "in the midst" sitting at the feet of these scholars, asking questions (as pupils were permitted to do).  The learned men were startled with His wisdom.

To His distressed parents, Jesus said Himself confirmed to Mary, that He is the Son of God.

Luke 2:48-49 "How is it that ye sought Me?  ...be about My Father's business."

At 12, Jesus was to be apprenticed to His Father, and He obviously reasoned that Father to be Jehovah, not Joseph. Jesus had been well-taught by Mary.

So, “Did Mary know...?’  She had aan angelic message, Joseph also had an angelic visit.  The wise men told her of their research, and the long trip following the star that led them.  Anna and Simeon had prophecies for her  Yes, certainly she knew.  If, with all those, one can still wonder if she knew, then one is insulting her intelligence.

Mary did not forgeet, nor did she discredit what she had soten been told.  In fact, through the years she pondered, thought upon, and meditated upon these things:Luke 2:19 (KJV)

 But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart.
So, when Jesus, at age 30, began His ministry, and did His first miracle, Mary was not just a spectator, but in faith of His power, actually instigated the turning of water into wine.

John 2:1-11 (KJV)
1 And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there:
2 And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage.
3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.
4 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.
5 His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.
6 And there were set there six water pots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece.
7 Jesus saith unto them, Fill the water pots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.
8 And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it.
9 When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew the governor of the feast called the bridegroom,
10 And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.
11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.

She had not aforetime been told what He would do, had not seen a miracle aforetime, yet, she knew Who He is, and had faith that He could do anything. So, to heal the blind, cure the sick, raise the dead, etc were things she knew He could do.
So, “Mary did you know...?”  YES, OF COURSE SHE DID!!!

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