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Matthew and Mark devote one third of their books to the passion week in the ministry of Jesus, and John allots one half of his book to the same.  The week of the crucifixion and resurrection is so vitally important to the gospel message that much space needs to be allocated to its events.

It begins with the arrival of Jesus to the area, and the triumphal entry into Jerusalem.  Of the events of the week, this one is perhaps the most misunderstood. We have rejoiced at the same events that made our Lord weep, and we have missed the important lessons to be gained from this event.

Jesus rode into the city of Jerusalem, amidst shouts of joy, palms carpeting His way into the city.  The people were shouting "Hosanna", and rejoicing in the fact that their Messiah had finally arrived.

Matthew 20:17-19 (KJV)
17 And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them,
18 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn Him to death,
19 And shall deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day He shall rise again.

This is the third prediction of the crucifixion given by the Lord to His disciples.
The first is found in Matthew 16:21:
Matthew 16:21-23 (KJV)
21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto His disciples, how that He must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.
22 Then Peter took Him, and began to rebuke Him, saying, Be it far from Thee, Lord: this shall not be unto Thee.
23 But He turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind Me, Satan: Thou art an offence unto Me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.

The second is found in Matthew 17:22: 
Matthew 17:22-23 (KJV)
22 And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:
23 And they shall kill Him, and the third day He shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry.

The disciples should have known that the Lord was headed toward a calvary experience, but their hopes, dreams, and whole expectation of the kingdom were warping their discernment.  They heard the first part, the ‘killing’ part, but did not discern or understand that the second part, the ‘raised again the third day’ part meant all the difference.  Too many hear sermons today, and are blinded by the devil to hear only a part of the sermon.   The best part is often missed.  Jesus rebuked Peter as being blinded by the devil as to what the goal and purpose of this ‘death’ would be.  Death, sin and the devil were about to all be defeated, and the devil does not want us to understand his end is assured.

On the mount of Transfiguration, Moses and Elijah discussed the crucifixion and resurrection with the Lord.  The disciples slept through most of that discussion.  Jesus wanted the disciples to know of the hard times, the trials, and the events about to transpire.  He warns us likewise, prepares us, and equips us for trials we are about to experience. 

Yet, many reject - refuse - ignore - forget - or sleep through such warnings.  Jesus tried to prepare the disciples for the trial later in the week with this warning in Matthew 20, and they should have been sensitive to the message, as we should likewise be sensitive to the Spirit and listen - learn - and heed  the Spirit's messages to us.  If they had been sensitive to what the Lord was trying to tell them, they too would have been far more prepared for the week’s events.  Jesus wept on this day of triumphal entry, for He knew that many were not prepared for this weeks events.

Jesus had been waiting in Ephraim, teaching and preparing His disciples for the events of this week. There, overlooking the Jordan river, He finally noticed the crowds down along the river, traveling to Jerusalem for the Passover observance.  The scribes, Pharisees, and chief priests had been searching for Jesus, with the intent to have Him put to death, but had not located Him. Now Jesus would be safe amidst the vast crowds of people traveling to Jerusalem, and could make His way without undue delay to the site where He would be crucified.

First, He traveled to Bethany to stay at the home of Lazarus, Mary, and Martha. Many in the crowd were going to stop in Bethany to see the one they had heard had been resurrected after being dead four days.  As they made their way to his home to see and talk with him, they came upon a celebrating feast.  When they enquired of the resurrection, they were pointed to Jesus, as the One Who had called Lazarus back from paradise.

Many of the Jews began to believe on Jesus, and the excitement of traveling to Jerusalem with the One Who was the Messiah began to grow and to grow. Prophetic awareness was great in some in those days, and the awareness of the prophecy of Daniel of the soon coming of the Messiah, and the prophecy of Zechariah of the Messiah riding into Jerusalem upon a donkey, was known by many.

Matthew 21:1-11 (KJV)
1 And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,
2 Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto Me.
3 And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.
4 All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,
5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them,
7 And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set Him thereon.
8 And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way.
9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
10 And when He was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?
11 And the multitude said, This is Jesus, the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.

Verse 1
drew nigh unto Jerusalem...  were come to Bethphage

Bethphage (which means ‘house of figs’) is about one mile from Bethany, and obviously a town where Jesus had met someone who had some donkeys.  Perhaps the man was hoping that when the coming Messiah rode into Jerusalem, it would be on a donkey that he had raised.  We do not know if that is the case, but Jesus and he did have an understanding, and the disciples were told to feel free to go, give the message pre-ordained by the Lord and this man, to indicate the time was now for the need of the animals.
The disciples were dispatched to get a colt and its mare, and their excitement likely grew. They forgot the warnings of the Lord concerning His impending death and His promise of the resurrection. Their long held beliefs that the Messiah would expel the Romans, and bring prosperity to the nation began to override all other information in their minds.

Verse 2
Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto Me ...

The Lord had a formerly made agreement with the owner of the colt and mare. The owner likely knew the impending coming of the Messiah and the prophecy of Zechariah. He had the animals tied and waiting the Lord to say that He was ready to use  these animals.

When the animals were picked up, the word began to spread that the Messiah was about to proclaim His arrival. The crowd became excited, and the One Who had resurrected Lazarus, and was healing the blind, the lame, etc. as He traveled to Jerusalem, was the obvious Messiah.

This day of entry into Jerusalem was a fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy. Daniel had prophesied (Daniel 9:25) that from the giving of the commandment to return to Jerusalem until the coming of the Messiah would be 69 weeks of years.

   69 times 7 = 483 years 

The command was given in the 20th year of Artaxerxes' reign. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica this was 445 BC, the first of Nisan which was March 14, 445 BC.  

  483 years times 360 days each is 173,880 days 
From March 14, 445 BC until April 6, AD 32 is exactly 173,880 days.

The book called "The Coming Prince" by Sir Robert Anderson tells us that on April 6, AD 32, on the tenth of Nisan, Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the donkey, and offered Himself as King and Messiah (Zechariah 9:9, Luke 19:28-44, Matthew 21:1-11).

Zechariah had predicted the ‘how’ that He would come:
Zechariah 9:9 (KJV)
9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: He is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

Verse 5
Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass

Matthew loves to record the many Old Testament prophecies that the Lord fulfilled in His first coming.  This is one that woke up the city, confirmed what many had begun to believe, that Jesus is the promised Messiah.

Verse 8
And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strewed them in the way

This was common in parades of conquerors, being honored by the people. Yet, many were being reminded of the prophecy of Zechariah, and were seeing this as Jesus announcement to them, of Who He is.  So, the crowd began to lay their outer garments and branches broken from the trees into the pathway of Jesus. They boldly called Him to be the "Son of David", which is another term referring to the Messiah. 

Jesus rode both a colt and a mare.  There has been much argument concerning this, but it is not worth a long debate.  Zechariah 9:9 seems to answer the debate of whether Jesus rode one or both.
"Rejoice, greatly, O daughter of Zion, shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee, he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass."

Verse 9
Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest

This same phraseology was said once daily,  for seven days, during the feast of tabernacles.  They said it  as they marched with palms  around the altar. On the eighth day they marched seven times, and called it the ‘great hosanna’.

This crowd on what we call ‘Palm Sunday’,  expected Jesus to save them from human enemies, but Jesus had come to save them from sin, death, and the devil.   Some of them may have, two  days later, cried out for His crucifixion.

The term "HOSANNA" expresses hope and triumph.  The basic meaning of such is "SAVE NOW" or "HELP NOW". 

Perhaps they had the verse in Psalms 118 in mind, and were quoting it:
Psalms 118:25
"Save now (hosanna) I beseech Thee, O Lord, I beseech Thee, send now prosperity."

The terms "SON OF DAVID" is equivalent to "MESSIAH" or "ANOINTED ONE".  The crowd was accepting Jesus as the Messiah, the Sent and Anointed One Who had come to bring them help and prosperity. Their eyes was on the carnal prosperity, and not on spiritual prosperity though. 

Verse 10
And when He was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?

The word moved is the  Greek,  seio (G4579), meaning to be agitated.
Who is this?  The agitated crowd, the pharisees and scribes who days earlier had tried to stone Him, question the crowd.  They knew it was Jesus, but they are intimidating the crowd, letting them see their agitation, to make the crowd fearful to admit what they had just acknowledged.

Verse 11
And the multitude said, This is Jesus, the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee
The crowd who moments before had said Jesus was the "Son of David" now comes upon the crowd in Jerusalem, which was "moved", ie. agitated by the arrival of Jesus. The ones who had called Jesus to be "the Son of David" now waver in faith, and announce Him to be "the prophet".

Jesus noted their wavering, their backsliding from the revelation they had.  This, amidst the hatred of the pharisees, the desire to steal money by Judas, and him impending betrayal of Jesus, breaks the heart of Jesus.


Elijah hid beneath a juniper tree.  He felt discouraged, alone, feared being killed by Jezebel, and was weary and tired.  God knows when we are physically and mentally drained.  He is merciful in those times.  God sent an angel to Elijah, provided food, and had Elijah rest. then Elijah was sent to a cave, and there he heard the ‘still small voice’ of God.  Elijah, despite his inclination to hide and pout then, was still chosen to return to finish his ministry during the tribulation.

Nicodemus came to talk to Jesus in the darkness of night, in the seclusion of a private area.  He was fearful of being seen with Jesus.  He was scared to look ‘dumb’. Jesus met with him, and explained ‘born again’.  Later Nicodemus was saved, and became a great witness for the Lord.  His fear was gone, he could speak of Jesus in the daylight.  Even if you are fearful, still, like Nicodemus, talk with Jesus.  In the car when alone, on a walk alone, when doing chores alone, talk to the Lord. He will speak powerful messages to you when you are alone

Peter hid by the fire, ‘afar’ off from the trials and beatings of Jesus.  He was fearful of ridicule, and of the same fate that Jesus was suffering to come upon him.  Many try to blend in with the devil’s crowd today also.  Some can say a few curse words, tell a dirty joke or two, and no one will suspect that they are religious.

The crowd will be more comfortable, if they think one is as hell bound as are they.  The Lord forgave Peter.  He ceased from his hiding ways, and began to stand up for Jesus, even if it meant prison and crucifixion.

The disciples hid in a room, the doors and windows being locked, afraid of suffering the same death as did Jesus.  The hatred of the world can be so intense upon we Christians, that we may think to hide from it.  The disciples locked the door, locked the windows, and still Jesus paid them a visit. The fear and hiding were unnecessary, but they let their rebellion against the truths that Jesus had told them about the reality of the crucifixion, to blind their hearts from faith.  They thought denial of the facts that we suffer if we are Christian from attacks from the devil would save them.  It did not, so then they hid.  There are many today, not getting stronger to fight the devil, not resisting in faith against his attacks, but simply wanting to deny that there are any attacks.  When the attacks do come anyhow, some hide.

All but one of the disciples were martyred. Even that one, John, suffered, for he was put in boiling oil, and did not die, and he was exiled to Patmos, a prison island, and still survived.  So, the wrath of the devil and the world can come upon us. The wrath of God will not come to us, we have His love and care.  So, we seek the Lord, and reverence only Him.

Anna and Simeon did not hide.  They were at the temple daily watching and waiting for revelation, so that they could see the Christ when He would be brought to the Temple for dedication. 

John the Baptist did not wimp out.  He gathered a crowd wherever he was, and preached repentance, and mentioned by name the sins that needed repentance, even the sins of Herod.  It cost him his head, but it gained him the title of the ‘greatest’ of all the Old Testament prophets.

John the Baptist was given revelation about Who the Lamb of God, and His arrival.  He had a great number of disciples. The crowds were huge, and many were repenting and being baptized.  Then he was suddenly arrested, imprisoned, and was to face the ‘beheader’.  Why? He had fulfilled his mission, and had become the ‘greatest of all’ the Old Testament prophets.  His honor for eternity is great, due to these trials he had faced.

Paul had revival or riot in his ministry.  He started many churches.  Yet, he was beaten many times, stoned once, imprisoned often.  Finally, he was beheaded.  Yet, during all that time, he had visions or visits to paradise, revelations from the Lord aplenty.  The troubles of his life, were faced with contentment, and he rejoiced in these troubles, for he saw the great blessings that came with them. 

So, we may suffer things that will make us be intimidated by the sinners of this world, and some may be tempted to hide.  It would be easy to hide.  But, if we stand firm, fight the enemy in faith, we will find miracles and  be overcomers for the Lord.

Why do we face trials, persecutions, mockings, and battles?  We face them so we can be overcomers.  We are told that ‘all things work together for good to them that are called of God and working according to His will.’  That describes what we are to be. 

The messages to the seven churches in Revelation 2 & 3 says ‘to him that overcometh will.’  God has ‘will’ for each overcomer.  The overcomer will receive great blessings for their stedfast faith, for their willingness to not hide.

If there were no mountains, not barriers, no burdens, no trials, no persecution, no battles, there would be nothing to overcome.  God gave us armor, not tuxedos and wedding dresses.  God gave us a sword, not a lazy boy chair.  God gave us a shield, not a ping pong paddle.  God said we would be hated, not loved.  God said ‘many are the afflictions’ not many are the carnal rewards. 

Paul and Silas sang in the dungeon.  Job said ‘though He slay me, yet will I trust Him.’  Peter said to Jesus ‘bid me come’ when the Lord was walking on the water.  Elijah heard the still small voice, Joseph was made second to pharaoh in Egypt. Why?  They were not hiders, they were overcomers.

Why do some saints have bland, pew sitting existences?  They have no victories to report, no overwhelming joy to express because they are hiders, not overcomers. 

To avoid battle, Jonah took a ship of flight and hiding in it from the storm.  Saul hid in baggage.  Prophets hid in caves. !3,000 of Gideon’s army would rather be hiding from battle, and 9700 more would like to delay battle for a while so they can refresh themselves.  They were rejected from Gideon’s army.

The ones at the triumphal entry were crying ‘hosanna’, but moments later were too scared to speak the same revelation to those who did not want to hear it.  We need to beware lest we break the heart of our Lord, He is still deserving of praise, worship, honor, and witness from us.

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