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Matthew and Mark devote one third of their books to the passion week in the ministry of Jesus, and John allots one half of his book to the same.  The week of the crucifixion and resurrection is so vitally important to the gospel message that much space needs to be allocated to its events.

It begins with the arrival of Jesus to the area, and the triumphal entry into Jerusalem.  Of the events of the week, this one is perhaps the most misunderstood. We have rejoiced at the same events that made our Lord weep, and we have missed the important lessons to be gained from this event.

Jesus rode into the city of Jerusalem, amidst shouts of joy, palms carpeting His way into the city.  The people were shouting "Hosanna", and rejoicing in the fact that their Messiah had arrived.  They expected Him to enter the city, and miraculously, or militarily expel the Romans and begin the new "kingdom" that He had preached about.

Matthew 21:1-11 (KJV)
1 And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,
2 Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me.
3 And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.
4 All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,
5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them,
7 And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon.
8 And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way.
9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
10 And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?
11 And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.

Verse 1
drew nigh unto Jerusalem...  were come to Bethphage

Bethphage (which means ‘house of figs’) is about one mile from Bethany, and obviously a town where Jesus had met someone who had some donkeys.  Perhaps the man was hoping that when the coming Messiah rode into Jerusalem, it would be on a donkey that he had raised.  We do not know if that is the case, but Jesus and he did have an understanding, and the disciples were told to feel free to go, give the message pre-ordained by the Lord and this man, to indicate the time was now for the need of the animals.
The disciples were dispatched to get a colt and its mare, and their excitement likely grew. They forgot the warnings of the Lord concerning His impending death and His promise of the resurrection. Their long held beliefs that the Messiah would expel the Romans, and bring prosperity to the nation began to override all other information in their minds.

Verse 2
Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto Me …

The Lord had a formerly made agreement with the owner of the colt and mare. The owner likely knew the impending coming of the Messiah and the prophecy of Zechariah. He had the animals tied and waiting the Lord to say that He was ready to use  these animals.

When the animals were picked up, the word began to spread that the Messiah was about to proclaim His arrival. The crowd became excited, and the One Who had resurrected Lazarus, and was healing the blind, the lame, etc. as He traveled to Jerusalem, was the obvious Messiah.
This day of entry into Jerusalem was a fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy. Daniel had prophesied (Daniel 9:25) that from the giving of the commandment to return to Jerusalem until the coming of the Messiah would be 69 weeks of years.

   69 times 7 = 483 years 

The command was given in the 20th year of Artaxerxes' reign. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica this was 445 BC, the first of Nisan which was March 14, 445 BC.  

  483 years times 360 days each is 173,880 days 

From March 14, 445 BC until April 6, AD 32 is exactly 173,880 days.
The book called "The Coming Prince" by Sir Robert Anderson tells us that on April 6, AD 32, on the tenth of Nisan, Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the donkey, and offered Himself as King and Messiah (Zechariah 9:9, Luke 19:28-44, Matthew 21:1-11).

Zechariah had predicted the ‘how’ that He would come:
Zechariah 9:9 (KJV)
9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: He is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

Verse 5
Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.

Matthew loves to record the many Old Testament prophecies that the Lord fulfilled in His first coming.  This is one that woke up the city, confirmed what many had begun to believe, that Jesus is the promised Messiah.
Verse 8
And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strewed them in the way
This was common in parades of conquerors, being honored by the people. Yet, many were being reminded of the prophecy of Zechariah, and were seeing this as Jesus announcement to them, of Who He is.  So, the crowd began to lay their outer garments and branches broken from the trees into the pathway of Jesus. They boldly called Him to be the "Son of David", which is another term referring to the Messiah. 

Jesus rode both a colt and a mare.  There has been much argument concerning this, but it is not worth a long debate.  Zechariah 9:9 seems to answer the debate of whether Jesus rode one or both.

"Rejoice, greatly, O daughter of Zion, shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee, he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass."

Verse 9
Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest

This same phraseology was said once daily,  for seven days, during the feast of tabernacles.  They said it  as they marched with palms  around the altar. On the eighth day they marched seven times, and called it the ‘great hosanna’.

This crowd on what we call ‘Palm Sunday’,  expected Jesus to save them from human enemies, but Jesus had come to save them from sin, death, and the devil.   Some of them may have, two  days later, cried out for His crucifixion.

The term "HOSANNA" expresses hope and triumph.  The basic meaning of such is "SAVE NOW" or "HELP NOW". 

Perhaps they had the verse in Psalms 118 in mind, and were quoting it:
Psalms 118:25
"Save now (hosanna) I beseech Thee, O Lord, I beseech Thee, send now prosperity."

The terms "SON OF DAVID" is equivalent to "MESSIAH" or "ANOINTED ONE".  The crowd was accepting Jesus as the Messiah, the Sent and Anointed One Who had come to bring them help and prosperity. Their eyes was on the carnal prosperity, and not on spiritual prosperity though. 

Verse 10
And when He was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?

The word moved is the  Greek,  seio (G4579), meaning to be agitated.

Who is this?  The agitated crowd, the pharisees and scribes who days earlier had tried to stone Him, question the crowd.  They knew it was Jesus, but they are intimidating the crowd, letting them see their agitation, to make the crowd fearful to admit what they had just acknowledged.

Verse 11
And the multitude said, This is Jesus, the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee

The crowd who moments before had said Jesus was the "Son of David" now comes upon the crowd in Jerusalem, which was "moved", ie. agitated by the arrival of Jesus. The ones who had called Jesus to be "the Son of David" now waver in faith, and announce Him to be "the prophet".

Jesus noted their wavering, their backsliding from the revelation they had.  This, amidst the hatred of the pharisees, the desire to steal money by Judas, and him impending betrayal of Jesus, breaks the heart of Jesus.



Elijah hid beneath a juniper tree.  He felt discouraged, alone, feared being killed by Jezebel, and was weary and tired.  God knows when we are physically and mentally drained.  He is merciful in those times.  God sent an angel to Elijah, provided food, and had Elijah rest. then Elijah was sent to a cave, and there he heard the ‘still small voice’ of God.  Elijah, despite his inclination to hide and pout then, was still chosen to return to finish his ministry during the tribulation.

Nicodemus came to talk to Jesus in the darkness of night, in the seclusion of a private area.  He was fearful of being seen with Jesus.  He was scared to look ‘dumb’. Jesus met with him, and explained ‘born again’.  Later Nicodemus was saved, and became a great witness for the Lord.  His fear was gone, he could speak of Jesus in the daylight.  Even if you are fearful, still, like Nicodemus, talk with Jesus.  In the car when alone, on a walk alone, when doing chores alone, talk to the Lord. He will speak powerful messages to you when you are alone

Peter hid by the fire, ‘afar’ off from the trials and beatings of Jesus.  He was fearful of ridicule, and of the same fate that Jesus was suffering to come upon him.  Many try to blend in with the devil’s crowd today also.  Some can say a few curse words, tell a dirty joke or two, and no one will suspect that they are religious.

The crowd will be more comfortable, if they think one is as hell bound as are they.  The Lord forgave Peter.  He ceased from his hiding ways, and began to stand up for Jesus, even if it meant prison and crucifixion.

The disciples hid in a room, the doors and windows being locked, afraid of suffering the same death as did Jesus.  The hatred of the world can be so intense upon we Christians, that we may think to hide from it.  The disciples locked the door, locked the windows, and still Jesus paid them a visit. The fear and hiding were unnecessary, but they let their rebellion against the truths that Jesus had told them about the reality of the crucifixion, to blind their hearts from faith.  They thought denial of the facts that we suffer if we are Christian from attacks from the devil would save them.  It did not, so then they hid.  There are many today, not getting stronger to fight the devil, not resisting in faith against his attacks, but simply wanting to deny that there are any attacks.  When the attacks do come anyhow, some hide.

All but one of the disciples were martyred. Even that one, John, suffered, for he was put in boiling oil, and did not die, and he was exiled to Patmos, a prison island, and still survived.  So, the wrath of the devil and the world can come upon us. The wrath of God will not come to us, we have His love and care.  So, we seek the Lord, and reverence only Him.

Anna and Simeon did not hide.  They were at the temple daily watching and waiting for revelation, so that they could see the Christ when He would be brought to the Temple for dedication. 

John the Baptist did not wimp out.  He gathered a crowd wherever he was, and preached repentance, and mentioned by name the sins that needed repentance, even the sins of Herod.  It cost him his head, but it gained him the title of the ‘greatest’ of all the Old Testament prophets.

John the Baptist was given revelation about Who the Lamb of God, and His arrival.  He had a great number of disciples. The crowds were huge, and many were repenting and being baptized.  Then he was suddenly arrested, imprisoned, and was to face the ‘beheader’.  Why? He had fulfilled his mission, and had become the ‘greatest of all’ the Old Testament prophets.  His honor for eternity is great, due to these trials he had faced.

Paul had revival or riot in his ministry.  He started many churches.  Yet, he was beaten many times, stoned once, imprisoned often.  Finally, he was beheaded.  Yet, during all that time, he had visions or visits to paradise, revelations from the Lord aplenty.  The troubles of his life, were faced with contentment, and he rejoiced in these troubles, for he saw the great blessings that came with them. 

So, we may suffer things that will make us be intimidated by the sinners of this world, and some may be tempted to hide.  It would be easy to hide.  But, if we stand firm, fight the enemy in faith, we will find miracles and  be overcomers for the Lord.

Why do we face trials, persecutions, mockings, and battles?  We face them so we can be overcomers.  We are told that ‘all things work together for good to them that are called of God and working according to His will.’  That describes what we are to be. 

The messages to the seven churches in Revelation 2 & 3 says ‘to him that overcometh will.’  God has ‘will’ for each overcomer.  The overcomer will receive great blessings for their stedfast faith, for their willingness to not hide.

If there were no mountains, not barriers, no burdens, no trials, no persecution, no battles, there would be nothing to overcome.  God gave us armor, not tuxedos and wedding dresses.  God gave us a sword, not a lazy boy chair.  God gave us a shield, not a ping pong paddle.  God said we would be hated, not loved.  God said ‘many are the afflictions’ not many are the carnal rewards. 

Paul and Silas sang in the dungeon.  Job said ‘though He slay me, yet will I trust Him.’  Peter said to Jesus ‘bid me come’ when the Lord was walking on the water.  Elijah heard the still small voice, Joseph was made second to pharaoh in Egypt. Why?  They were not hiders, they were overcomers.

Why do some saints have bland, pew sitting existences?  They have no victories to report, no overwhelming joy to express because they are hiders, not overcomers. 

To avoid battle, Jonah took a ship of flight and hiding in it from the storm.  Saul hid in baggage.  Prophets hid in caves. !3,000 of Gideon’s army would rather be hiding from battle, and 9700 more would like to delay battle for a while so they can refresh themselves.  They were rejected from Gideon’s army.

The ones at the triumphal entry were crying ‘hosanna’, but moments later were too scared to speak the same revelation to those who did not want to hear it.  We need to beware lest we break the heart of our Lord, He is still deserving of praise, worship, honor, and witness from us.

Jesus, after this "triumphal entry" on Palm Sunday, went to a hillside near Jerusalem and wept.  Others thought that the day had been triumphant, but Jesus knew what was about to happen. The people shouted, laughed, and were joyful. HOWEVER, Jesus wept for the hypocrisy, for the instability of mankind, for the soon-to-come deception, and for the betrayal by one of His disciples. He knew what was about to happen. 

Jesus could have joined in the laughter, and shouted that the people were momentarily accepting Him as the Messiah, but He knew the soon-coming change in the seemingly wonderful conversion of the crowd.

Luke records this weeping of Jesus, but Matthew concentrates on showing what Jesus said that indicates the reason for His sorrow:
Luke 19:41-43
"And when He was come near, He beheld the city, and wept over it.  Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong to thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes."

What things were on the mind of Jesus, that could have made Him weep on what seemed to many others to be  a day of rejoicing? He said that these things and reasons that made Him weep were hidden from the eyes of those who were there. 

It would be wise to step into His select group of disciples, and listen to His message to them.  It will reveal what was on His mind. Let's check what Matthew (the most accurate and precise recorder of Jesus' words) had to say about Jesus' message on the several days following this Palm Sunday.

God is OFFENDED at those who OFFEND, and greatly warns them. It is not the hurt, the broken hearted, the abused, the mistreated, that Jesus speaks to here, it is those who OFFEND:
Luke 17:1-2 (KJV)
1 Then said He unto the disciples, It is impossible but that offences will come: but woe unto him, through whom they come!
2 It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones.

Have you been 'broken hearted'? Have you been hurt by the unkind words of another? Are the ones or one who offended you trying to make you look like the evil one? Are you wondering if anyone cares for your hurt?

Jesus does, Jesus is very angry at the OFFENDER, not at you.

David revealed in Psalms 69 how Jesus was going to feel during the week of His crucifixion. Read here what Jesus was prophesied to be thinking:
Psalm 69:20 (KJV)
20 Reproach hath broken My heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none.

These are the words of Jesus, given long before He said or thought them, to David, a ‘man after God’s own heart.’ David wanted to know and understand the thoughts and feelings of God, and many of his psalms show God’s revelation to him of what God, and Jesus, would be feeling at various times in the future. These words of Jesus at the crucifixion time show a ‘broken heart’ due to the ‘reproach’ that He was suffering from friend and foe.
The words ‘broken heart’ are figurative language.

It is not speaking of a literal ‘heart’ that was ‘broken’. The words rather express of one who is suffering deep inside from pain and sorrow over the hurtful deeds of another. One’s life feels shattered, and hence the ‘broken’, one’s love has been rejected, hence the word ‘heart’.

God expresses that He even is broken hearted due to mankind’s behavior and their unfaithfulness to Him. Jesus was brokenhearted when He came to the night of the betrayal, the arrest, trial, crucifixion, and especially from the disciple who denied Him. God understands brokenness due to the sins of others.

Many of the things we need healed from, as we have studied, are due to our own sins. Brokenheartedness is sometimes due only to the sins of another. God was brokenhearted, Jesus was brokenhearted, and neither of them sinned. Yet, the pain of the brokenness is real to them.

When someone is brokenhearted, they feel an inner pain that needs to be healed. The pain is real, though a doctor could never find its scar. The medicines that the world offer, do not heal the broken heart, they dull the mind, they calm the system, but the broken heart, when the medicines wear off, is still there. They need a ‘healing’ only God can give, for a broken heart.
When broken in heart, some relish and cannot stop to think about it. It is constantly upon their minds. Others cannot think of it at all, and refuse to let the memory of the hurt be contemplated. Some must find outlets to express their emotions of the broken heart. Others refuse to feel at all, and hide well their hurts. Some will mourn over the hurts. Some will create ways to cope and distract from the hurt. While some will need encouragement on a constant basis, others will need to create other victims to achieve revenge.
The offenders will try to dictate how the offended is to feel. They injure more in demanding that the victim blame themselves for the broken heart. Jesus stands firmly against that OFFENDER.

Tears are far from uncommon when one is brokenhearted. They flow and should flow, for one is greatly hurt. God sheds tears over those who have forsaken His loving gifts. Jesus wept greatly in Gethsemane at the time Judas was betraying Him for the price of a slave.

Crying is not sinful, it is an emotional release that God has designed for us, and for Himself. Someone once said: ‘if someone you love hurts you, cry a river, then build a bridge, and get over it.’ Crying is often the first step in getting over it.

We cannot stop the offenders, as the opening statement reads. We will have them, but Jesus promises in that opening passage above, to handle that situation. The offended will be comforted by the Lord, not berated and mocked. It is the offender that will face a Lord Who has been offended by the offenders.


Since Jesus knows first hand what it feels like to have a broken heart, He can also know the steps of healing.   Not all who broke His heart will ever return to Him, so healing is not dependent upon restoration of the hurting relationship.  Jesus wants to work on the heart of the one who is broken and hurting.  He can heal that heart, no matter what the perpetrator ever does.
Someone once said, ‘God can heal a broken heart, but He needs all the pieces’. 

The brokenhearted need to come to Jesus, and lay out all the ‘hurting and shattered pieces’ of their lives, and let Him begin to put things back together.  Many times, if not most always, restoration of a relationship is not found, for He will not overrule the stubborn will of sinners, who arrogantly hurt Him, or His children.   Allowing that relationship that brought so much hurt to go, is not symbolic of ‘weakness’, but it takes a holy strength to let go, and let Jesus heal in another way.

Jesus is close with those that have broken hearts, for He knows their agony and pain.  When Jesus asked ‘who do men say that I am’, one of the answers was ‘Jeremiah’, for Jeremiah was the ‘weeping prophet’.  Jesus likewise was a ‘weeper’, feeling the pain of the rejection of many, the coming pain of the cross and its perpetrators.  Jesus experienced a broken heart on Palm Sunday, and in Gethsemane, and on the cross, so He knows what ‘brokenhearted’ means, and has been ‘touched with the feelings of our infirmities.’

Hebrews 4:15-16 (KJV)
15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Therefore, the brokenhearted can find help from the Lord when they turn to Him.

Psalm 34:18 (KJV)
18 The LORD is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.

The Lord is ‘nigh’ to the broken of heart.  He does save those who come with a humble and contrite heart to Him for such healing.

Psalm 147:3 (KJV)
3 He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.
Jesus was rejected, crucified, resurrected, and then ascended to heaven.  Now we are seeing the beginning of the re-gathering of the nation of Israel.  The purpose of God in this is to bring them again to the land of Israel, then afflict them with the plagues of the tribulation, until they repent of their rejection of the true Messiah, and accept Jesus.  Soon, the affliction will grow immense.


God can restore some relationships that brought heartbreak to one or both, but it does not always happen.  For those that do not have restoration, He offers a different kind of healing.  He offers ‘hope’, and a better future.  We are told to ‘comfort’ each other with words of hope of heaven, of God’s eternal, faithful love to us.  

Whereas, we once were brokenhearted in a damaging situation with humans, we now have a divine relationship with a God Who loves us tenderly and completely.

Hebrews 4:15-16 (KJV)
15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Jesus understands, has felt the same kind of pain as the brokenhearted.  He has an answer, He knows how to heal.

Hebrews 7:25 (KJV)
25 Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing He ever liveth to make intercession for them.
Jesus asks of the brokenhearted, to have ‘faith’ in Him.  The brokenhearted need to realize that He will ‘reward’ those who come to Him for their healing.

Hebrews 11:6 (KJV)

6 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

There is no need for loneliness, for being in the presence of the Lord makes a difference in the life of the seeker.

Acts 4:13 (KJV)
13 Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.

Jesus has riches of His glory, ready and prepared to give to the brokenhearted.

Romans 9:23 (KJV)
23 And that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had afore prepared unto glory,

Therefore, the brokenhearted should draw near to Jesus.  We can have ‘full assurance’ that He will wash us with ‘pure water’.  Hold fast to this healing of your broken heart: 
Hebrews 10:22-25 (KJV)
22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed pure water.
23 Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for He is faithful that promised;)
24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:
25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.

We can pray for the ‘mountain’ size problem to be healed, and the Lord does answer.  

Mark 11:22-24 (KJV)
22 And Jesus answering saith unto them, Have faith in God.
23 For verily I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe that those things which he saith shall come to pass; he shall have whatsoever he saith.
24 Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them.

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